La Guardia, Fiorello H.

▪ mayor of New York City
in full  Fiorello Henry La Guardia  
born , Dec. 11, 1882, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died Sept. 20, 1947, New York

      American politician and lawyer who served three terms (1933–45) as mayor of New York City.

      La Guardia was reared in Arizona and at the age of 16 moved to Budapest with his mother. He was employed at the U.S. consulate there, and he later served in the American consulates at Trieste and Fiume, returning to the United States in 1906. While working at Ellis Island as an interpreter for the U.S. Immigration Service, he studied law at New York University and was admitted to the bar in 1910.

      La Guardia was elected to the House of Representatives as a progressive Republican in 1916, but his term was interrupted by service as a pilot in World War I. He was returned to Congress in 1918 and, after serving as president of the New York City board of aldermen in 1920–21, was reelected to the House in 1922. He was reelected four more times, and in the House he opposed Prohibition and supported woman suffrage and child-labour laws. He cosponsored the Norris-LaGuardia Act (Norris–La Guardia Act) (1932), which restricted the courts' power to ban or restrain strikes, boycotts, or picketing by organized labour.

      In 1933 La Guardia ran successfully for mayor of New York (New York City) on a “Fusion” (a Liberal and Republican party coalition) reform ticket dedicated to unseating Tammany Hall (the Democratic organization in New York) and ending its corrupt practices. As mayor, La Guardia earned a national reputation as an honest and nonpartisan reformer dedicated to civic improvement. He was an able and indefatigable administrator who obtained a new city charter, fought corrupt politicians and organized crime, improved the operations of the police and fire departments, expanded the city's social-welfare services, and began slum-clearance and low-cost-housing programs. Among his building projects were the La Guardia Airport and numerous roads and bridges. A colourful figure with a flair for the dramatic, La Guardia became known as “The Little Flower” in token of his first name.

      After being reelected twice, La Guardia in 1945 refused to run for a fourth term as mayor. He was appointed director of the U.S. Office of Civilian Defense (1941) and director general (1946) of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • La Guardia, Fiorello — (1882 1947)    American politician. Born in New York City, he was educated in Prescott, Arizona. Later his family went to Budapest where he obtained employment in the US consulate. On his return to the US, he opened a law office. He later became… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • LA GUARDIA, FIORELLO HENRY — (1882–1947), U.S. congressman and mayor of New York City. La Guardia, who was born in New York City to a mother of Jewish descent and an Italian father, was raised as a Protestant. At the age of 20, La Guardia was appointed U.S. consul in Fiume.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • La Guardia, Fiorello Henry — (1882 1947)    Fiorello La Guardia was born in New York City and raised in Arizona. His family went to Trieste, Italy, in 1898, and La Guardia worked for the United States consular service. From 1904 to 1906, he was acting consular agent in Fiume …   Historical Dictionary of the Roosevelt–Truman Era

  • La Guardia,Fiorello Henry — La Guar·di·a (lə gwärʹdē ə), Fiorello Henry. Known as “the Little Flower.” 1882 1947. American politician who was a U.S. representative from New York (1917 1921 and 1923 1933) and mayor of New York City (1934 1945). * * * …   Universalium

  • La Guardia, Fiorello H(enry) — born Dec. 11, 1882, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Sept. 20, 1947, New York City U.S. politician, mayor of New York City (1933–45). He practiced law in New York City from 1910 before serving in the U.S. House of Representatives (1917, 1918–21,… …   Universalium

  • La Guardia, Fiorello H(enry) — (11 dic. 1882, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–20 sep. 1947, Nueva York). Político estadounidense, alcalde de Nueva York (1933–45). Ejerció como abogado en Nueva York a partir de 1910, antes de ingresar a la Cámara de Representantes (1917, 1918–21,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Fiorello La Guardia — [Fiorello La Guardia] (1882–1947) a popular ↑mayor of New York (1933–45). He was known as the ‘Little Flower’, which is what Fiorello means in Italian. He began his career as a Republican politician and was elected to the US Congress (1917–19 …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fiorello La Guardia — LaGuardia redirects here. For the airport, see LaGuardia Airport. For other meanings, see La Guardia. Fiorello La Guardia 99th Mayor of New York City In office January …   Wikipedia

  • Fiorello H. La Guardia — Infobox Officeholder name = Fiorello Henry La Guardia caption = order = Mayor of New York City term start = January 1, 1934 term end = December 31, 1945 predecessor = John P. O Brien successor = William O Dwyer birth date = birth… …   Wikipedia

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