Kūfic script

      in calligraphy, earliest extant Islāmic style of handwritten alphabet that was used by early Muslims to record the Qurʾān. This angular, slow-moving, dignified script was also used on tombstones and coins as well as for inscriptions on buildings. Some experts distinguish Kūfi proper from Meccan and Medinese scripts, which were also used to copy the Qurʾān.

      The script was called Kūfi because it was thought to have been developed at Kūfah in Iraq—an early Islāmic centre of culture. Simple Kūfi was developed early in the Islāmic era; the earliest surviving copies of the Qurʾān—from the 8th to the 10th century—were copied in it. Later a floral Kūfi flourished, and several other varieties of the script developed, including foliated Kūfi, plaited or interlaced Kūfi, bordered Kūfi, and squared Kūfi. It went out of general use about the 12th century, although it continued to be used as a decorative element to contrast with the scripts that superseded it.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kufic — Arab World This article is part of the series: Arab Culture …   Wikipedia

  • Kufic — adjective Describing an angular form of Arabic script …   Wiktionary

  • Kufic — /ˈkufɪk/ (say koohfik), /ˈkju / (say kyooh ) adjective 1. of or relating to an early form of the Arabic alphabet, used in making copies of the Koran. –noun 2. the script that the letters of this alphabet form. Also, Cufic …   Australian English dictionary

  • kufic — n. & adj. (also Cufic) n. an early angular form of the Arabic alphabet found chiefly in decorative inscriptions. adj. of or in this type of script. Etymology: Cufa, a city S. of Baghdad in Iraq …   Useful english dictionary

  • Naskh (script) — Al Fatihah naskh script Arab World …   Wikipedia

  • maghribi script — ▪ Arabic calligraphy maghribi also spelled  maghrebi        in calligraphy, Islamic cursive style of handwritten alphabet that developed directly from the early Kūfic (Kūfic script) angular scripts used by the Muslim peoples of the Maghrib, who… …   Universalium

  • thuluth script — ▪ alphabet       in calligraphy, medieval Islāmic style of handwritten alphabet. Thuluth (Arabic: “one third”) is written on the principle that one third of each letter slopes. It is a large and elegant, cursive script, used in medieval times on… …   Universalium

  • Maghrebi script — Arab World This article is part of the series: Arab Culture …   Wikipedia

  • Defective script — A defective script is a script that does not represent all the phonemic distinctions of a language. For example, Italian has seven vowels, but only five vowel letters to represent them; in general, the differences between IPA|/e, ɛ/ and IPA|/o,… …   Wikipedia

  • Arabic alphabet — Script used to write Arabic and a number of other languages whose speakers have been influenced by Arab and Islamic culture. The 28 character Arabic alphabet developed from a script used to write Nabataean Aramaic. Because Arabic had different… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.