Krum

▪ Bulgar khan

died April 13, 814

      khan of the Bulgars (802–814) who briefly threatened the security of the Byzantine Empire. His able, energetic rule brought law and order to Bulgaria and developed the rudiments of state organization.

      With the defeat of the Avars by Charlemagne in 805, Krum was able to extend greatly the power of the Pannonian Bulgars. His early offensives against the Byzantines were repulsed, and in the spring of 811 his own capital at Pliska was destroyed. On July 26, 811, however, his army crushed the Byzantines, killed the emperor Nicephorus I, and opened the way for further victories. Krum besieged Constantinople (Istanbul) in 813 and devastated the surrounding countryside but died during a second siege of the imperial capital the next year.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Krum — Krum, TX U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 1979 Housing Units (2000): 703 Land area (2000): 1.963838 sq. miles (5.086318 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.963838 sq. miles (5.086318 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Krum, TX — U.S. city in Texas Population (2000): 1979 Housing Units (2000): 703 Land area (2000): 1.963838 sq. miles (5.086318 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.963838 sq. miles (5.086318 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

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  • krum — krum·horn; …   English syllables

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  • Krum —    Khan of the Bulgars (qq.v.) from ca. 802 814, and one of Byzantium s most fearful enemies. His army in 811 won a stunning victory over Nikephoros I (q.v.), who was killed. Krum made a drinking cup from the emperor s (q.v.) skull. In 812 Krum… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Krum — Kroum Kroum accueilli par son peuple. Illustration de la chronique de Jean Skylitzès Khan Kroum (en bulgare : Кан Крум lire Kanas Krum ), ( 13 avril 814). Khan des Bulgares (803 814) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Krum — Original name in latin Krum Name in other language State code US Continent/City America/Chicago longitude 33.26151 latitude 97.23807 altitude 229 Population 4157 Date 2011 05 14 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

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