Krk

Italian  Veglia,  Latin  Curicum,  

      island, the largest and most northern of Croatia's Adriatic islands. It reaches maximum elevation at Obzova, 1,824 feet (556 m). Archaeological findings suggest that Krk has been continuously inhabited since the Neolithic Period. Roman influence, beginning in the 1st century BC, was followed by the arrival of the Slavs in the 7th century. The Romans retreated into the town of Krk on the island's west coast, which was renamed Vecla under the Byzantine Empire. A Greco-Roman dialect survived locally until the 19th century. From the year 1000, Venice competed for the island against the kingdom of Croatia, which won it in 1059; from 1133 to 1480, Krk was ruled by the counts of the Frankopan family, who recognized the sovereignty of the crown of Hungary and, at the same time, held a seat in the Great Council of Venice.

      From about 1100, during the period of Croatian influence, comes the Baščanska Ploča (“Baška Inscription”), which was found on the island. It is a document written in the Glagolitic alphabet, one of the old Slav alphabets and a cornerstone of Croatian literary development. Ruled by Venice until 1797, Krk then passed to Austria, which held it until 1918. During World War II, in 1945, Yugoslav Partisans expelled the Germans there.

      The stony, bare eastern part of the island contrasts with the western and central parts, in which Mediterranean fruits, viticulture, animal husbandry, and beekeeping support the population. The geologic structure of the island (karstic limestone and flysch zones) has allowed for the development of fast-flowing surface streams, such as the Ričina, and a number of springs. Two small lakes also provide water. The town of Krk lies on a hill above the sheltered Bay of Krk. It has a 12th-century cathedral and the castle of the Frankopan family.

      In 1980 a bridge opened connecting the island of Krk to the mainland with what at the time was the world's longest concrete arch (1,280 feet [390 m]). This arch forms the main span of the 4,296-foot (1,039-metre) bridge, carrying a roadway and numerous pipelines, some carrying oil from the port of Omisalj on Krk to mainland refineries and some carrying fresh water to Krk, where there is little natural water. Area 158 square miles (410 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 3,364.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Krk —   [ krk], italienisch Veglia [ veʎʎa], größte Insel Kroatiens, im Adriatischen Meer, im Innern des Kvarner, 410 km2. Die Kalkberge steigen bis 568 m über dem Meeresspiegel an, der Küstensaum ist dicht besiedelt (20 000 Einwohner), hier befinden… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Krk — Krk, Insel, s. Veglia …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • KRK — KRK,   Abkürzung für Klimarahmenkonvention …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Krk — Kȑk m <G Kr̀ka> DEFINICIJA 1. geogr. otok u kvarnerskoj otočnoj skupini (najveći jadranski otok) 405,78 km2, 16.402 stan. 2. grad na JZ obali otoka Krka, 3022 stan. ETIMOLOGIJA tal. Veglia, ant. Curicum …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Krk — (kroatische Insel) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Krk — Insel Krk …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Krk — Infobox Islands name = Krk image caption = Bašćanska Draga image size = locator native name = native name link = Croatian nickname = location = Adriatic sea coordinates = coord|45|4|N|14|36|E|type:isle scale:250000|display=inline,title… …   Wikipedia

  • Krk — Ubicación de Krk en Croacia. Mapa de Krk. Krk o Veglia (italiano: Veglia, alemán: Vegl …   Wikipedia Español

  • KRK — Die Abkürzung KRK steht für: Kinderrechtskonvention, Übereinkommen über die Rechte des Kindes der Vereinten Nationen Internationaler Flughafen Johannes Paul II. Krakau Balice Krisenreaktionskräfte der deutschen Bundeswehr Kolorektales Karzinom,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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