Kondratyev, Nikolay D.
▪ Russian economistin full Nikolay Dmitriyevich Kondratyevborn March 4, 1892died 1938?Russian economist and statistician noted among Western economists for his analysis and theory of major (50-year) business cycles—the so-called Kondratieff waves.Kondratyev attended St. Petersburg University. He was a member of the Russian Socialist Revolutionary Party from 1917 to 1919. From 1920 to 1928 he taught at the Timiriazev Agricultural Academy and was director of the Institute for the Study of Business Activity. He established contact with foreign economic agencies, and in 1924 he lectured in the United States and Great Britain. During this period he helped to develop the first of the Soviet five-year plans, as well as devising methodology for the analysis of economic factors that would stimulate Soviet economic growth. Although he had approved of the New Economic Policy (1921–28), he opposed the total collectivization of agriculture and criticized the disproportionate development of industry and agriculture in Joseph Stalin (Stalin, Joseph)'s plan, which was eventually adopted. In 1928 he was dismissed from his post in the institute. Two years later he was arrested on charges of leading the Working Peasants' Party, and in 1931 he was tried and sentenced to eight years in prison. In 1938 his sentence was reviewed, and he received the death penalty. The date and place of his death are unknown. In 1987, together with many others tried on false accusations, Kondratyev was cleared of all charges against him.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
business cycle — a recurrent fluctuation in the total business activity of a country. [1920 25] * * * Periodic fluctuation in the rate of economic activity, as measured by levels of employment, prices, and production. Economists have long debated why periods of… … Universalium
social change — ▪ sociology Introduction in sociology, the alteration of mechanisms within the social structure, characterized by changes in cultural symbols, rules of behaviour, social organizations, or value systems. Throughout the historical… … Universalium
literature — /lit euhr euh cheuhr, choor , li treuh /, n. 1. writings in which expression and form, in connection with ideas of permanent and universal interest, are characteristic or essential features, as poetry, novels, history, biography, and essays. 2.… … Universalium
Russian science fiction and fantasy — Russian science fiction arguably had its Golden age in the 1960s [ [http://www.depauw.edu/sfs/review essays/gerou31.htm Daniel Gerould. On Soviet Science Fiction] , in: Science Fiction Studies #31 = Volume 10, Part 3 = November 1983] , when also… … Wikipedia
Pezzo Capriccioso (Tchaikovsky) — Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky composed his Pezzo capriccioso , op. 62, for cello and orchestra in a single week in August 1887. Belying its title, this work is written in the somber key of B minor, the same key as the Pathetique symphony. The Pezzo is … Wikipedia
Boris Godunov (opera) — Boris Godunov ( ru. Борис Годунов, original orthography Борисъ Годуновъ, Borís Godunóv ) is an opera by Modest Mussorgsky (1839 1881). The work was composed between 1868 and 1874 in Saint Petersburg, Russia. It is Mussorgsky s only completed… … Wikipedia
Saint Petersburg State University — Leningrad State University redirects here. For the present day university known under the same name, see Leningrad State University named after Pushkin. Saint Petersburg State University Санкт Петербургский государственный университет Arms of the … Wikipedia
Nizhny Tagil — (English) Нижний Тагил (Russian) City … Wikipedia
Universidad Estatal de San Petersburgo — «Universidad de San Petersburgo» redirige aquí. Para otras acepciones, véase Universidad de San Petersburgo (desambiguación). Санкт Петербургский государственный университет Universidad Estatal de San Petersburgo … Wikipedia Español