Khārijah, Al-

Egypt
      town, capital of the muḥāfaẓah (governorate) of Al-Wādī al-Jadīd (Wādī al-Jadīd, Al-) (Arabic: “New Valley”) and chief town of Al-Khārijah (Kharga) oasis, Egypt. The town's history dates back to the 25th dynasty (c. 750–656 BC), though inscriptions record that the oasis was a place for political exiles from Thebes in the 21st dynasty (c. 1075–c. 945 BC). The town flourished under Persian and Roman rule, and there are extensive ruins of those periods in the area around the town. Other ruins show that in the Byzantine period Al-Khārijah's inhabitants became Christian, but raids by desert tribes reduced its prosperity.

      The modern town is situated in the centre of the northern part of Al-Khārijah oasis, partly on a rocky outcrop into which its streets are cut. The population consists mainly of Arabic-speaking Berbers with a Bedouin Arab admixture. During the 1970s the population grew as the Egyptian government encouraged Nile River valley farmers, including Nubians, to settle reclaimed land in the oasis. The town is a collection point for locally grown crops, including dates, olives, wheat, rice, grapes, citrus fruits, and berseem (clover, used for animal feed). Cattle and poultry, bred for the oasis environment, are raised for meat. Shale is quarried in the oasis, and the town has tile- and brickmaking plants. Many of the townspeople work in the Abū Ṭarṭūr phosphate mines, west of the oasis.

      Al-Khārijah is served by a railway line that carries phosphates from Abū Ṭarṭūr to Najʿ Ḥammādī in the Nile valley and then on to the Red Sea port of Safājah. A road connects Al-Khārijah with Asyūṭ in the Nile valley some 140 miles (230 km) to the northeast; the town also has an airfield. Pop. (1996) 49,461.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Wāḥāt al-Khārijah, Al- — ▪ oasis, Egypt also spelled  Kharga, or El Kharga,         oasis in the Libyan (Western) Desert, part of Al Wādī al Jadīd (Wādī al Jadīd, Al ) (“New Valley”) muḥāfaẓah (governorate), in south central Egypt. It is situated about 110 miles (180 km) …   Universalium

  • Al Kharijah — Original name in latin Al Khrijah Name in other language Al Kharijah, Al Khrijah, Al Kharga, El Kharga, El Khrga, El Charge, Kharga, Kharga Oasis, alkharjt State code EG Continent/City Africa/Cairo longitude 25.4514 latitude 30.54635 altitude 81… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Markaz al Wahat al Kharijah — Admin ASC 2 Code Orig. name Markaz al Wāḩāt al Khārijah Country and Admin Code EG.13.360478 EG …   World countries Adminstrative division ASC I-II

  • Wādī al-Jadīd, Al- — ▪ governorate, Egypt English  New Valley         desert muḥāfaẓah (governorate), southwestern Egypt. It includes the entire southwestern quadrant of the country, from the Nile River valley (east) to the frontiers with The Sudan (south) and Libya… …   Universalium

  • Egypt — /ee jipt/, n. 1. Arab Republic of. a republic in NE Africa. 64,791,891; 386,198 sq. mi. (1,000,252 sq. km). Cap.: Cairo. Arabic, Misr. Formerly (1958 71), United Arab Republic. 2. an ancient kingdom in NE Africa: divided into the Nile Delta… …   Universalium

  • Sol Y Mar Pioneer — (Al Khārijah,Египет) Категория отеля: 4 звездочный отель Адрес: Al Kharga Oasis, G …   Каталог отелей

  • Mariage arabe préislamique — Les Arabes pratiquaient la polygynie et certaines formes proche de la polyandrie avant Mahomet. Ces dernières furent prohibées pour le fait de la difficulté à déterminer le vrai père pour les règles d héritage[1]. Selon les chroni …   Wikipédia en Français

  • sand dune — Hill, mound, or ridge of windblown sand or other loose material such as clay particles. Dunes are commonly associated with desert regions and seacoasts, and there are large areas of dunes in nonglacial parts of Antarctica. * * * Introduction  any …   Universalium

  • Abu Bakr — For other people with the name, see Abu Bakr (name). Abu Bakr Caliph Abu Bakr s empire at its peak, 634. Khalifat ul Rasūl (Prophet s successor) …   Wikipedia

  • Geography of Egypt — The Geography of Egypt can be split into two general sections. Egypt is located in the northern part of Africa; however, it includes the Sinai Peninsula, which is considered part of Southwest Asia. Therefore, Egypt is located in both North Africa …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.