Keble, John

▪ British priest and poet

born April 25, 1792, Fairford, Gloucestershire, Eng.
died March 29, 1866, Bournemouth, Hampshire
 Anglican priest, theologian, and poet who originated and helped lead the Oxford movement (q.v.), which sought to revive in Anglicanism the High Church ideals of the later 17th-century church.

      Ordained in 1816, Keble was educated at the University of Oxford and served as a tutor there from 1818 to 1823, when he left to assist in his father's parish. In 1827 he published The Christian Year, a volume of poems for Sundays and festivals of the church year. Widely circulated, the book did more than any other to promulgate the ideas of the High Church movement in Anglicanism.

      Keble was professor of poetry at Oxford from 1831 to 1841. By 1833, however, he had become known as a leader of the Oxford Movement, which was generally considered to have been initiated by his sermon “National Apostasy,” given that year on July 14 at the university chapel. Centred at Oxford, the movement sought at first to respond to government efforts to appropriate church funds and property but gradually expanded its activities to a more general theological and pastoral agenda. Keble wrote 9 of the Oxford Movement's 90 Tracts for the Times, which were intended to rouse the Anglican clergy against the theory of a state-controlled church and which caused the movement's advocates to be known as Tractarians. The Tractarians encouraged study of the early Church Fathers, edited their works, and arranged for their translation. When John Henry Newman's conversion to Roman Catholicism in 1845 threatened the continuation of the Oxford Movement, Keble and E.B. Pusey (Pusey, E B) managed by their persistence to keep the movement alive.

      Keble, who served as a country vicar at Hursley from 1836 until his death, is remembered as much for his lyrics as for his Tractarian role. Among his books of verse are included The Psalter or Psalms of David (1839) and the poems for childhood, Lyra Innocentium (1846); he also wrote numerous hymn lyrics, including “O God of mercy, God of might.” In 1869 Keble College, Oxford, was founded in his honour.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Keble, John — (1792–1866)    Theologian, Poet and Devotional Writer.    Keble was the son of a Church of England parson and he was educated at the University of Oxford. After teaching at the university, he served as parish priest at Hursley, Hampshire, until… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Keble, John — (1792 1866)    Born at Fairford, Gloucestershire, the son of a clergyman, he graduated with a double first class honors from Corpus Christi College, Oxford, in 1811. In the same year he was elected to a fellowship at Oriel and held several… …   British and Irish poets

  • KEBLE, John — (1792 1866)    English TRACTARIAN leader and author of The Christian Year. In 1831 he was elected professor of poetry at Oxford. He became increasingly concerned about what he saw as the dangers threatening the CHURCH OF ENGLAND from the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Keble,John — Ke·ble (kēʹbəl), John. 1792 1866. British cleric and poet whose sermon “National Apostasy” (1833) initiated the Oxford Movement, an effort to reintroduce sacraments and doctrines that the Church of England had discarded or neglected since the… …   Universalium

  • Keble, John — (1792 1866)    Poet and divine, s. of the Rev. John K., Vicar of Coln St. Aldwyn s, Gloucestershire, b. at Fairford in the same county, ed. by his f. and at Oxf., where he was elected a Fellow of Oriel Coll., and was for some years tutor and… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • KEBLE, JOHN —    English clergyman, author of the Christian Year, born in Fairford, Gloucestershire; studied at Oxford, and became Fellow of Oriel College in 1811; in 1827 appeared the Christian Year, which he published anonymously; in 1831 was appointed… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • John Keble — (25 April 1792 – 29 March 1866) was an English churchman, one of the leaders of the Oxford Movement, and gave his name to Keble College, Oxford. He was born in Fairford, Gloucestershire where his father, the Rev. John Keble, was Vicar of Coln St …   Wikipedia

  • John Keble — John Keble, né le 25 avril 1792 à Fairford (Gloucestershire, Grande Bretagne) et mort le 29 mars 1866, est un ecclésiastique anglais, poète et théologien, figure majeure du Mouvement d Oxford. Un poète anglican John Keble était le fils du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Keble — John Keble. John Keble nació el 25 de abril del año 1782 en Fairford, Gloucestershire, y falleció el 29 de marzo de 1866 en Gran Bretaña. Fue un poeta, teólogo y uno de los fundadores del Movimiento de Oxford. Contenido …   Wikipedia Español

  • Keble — John Keble John Keble (* 25. April 1792 in Fairford, Gloucestershire; † 29. März 1866 in Bournemouth) war ein anglikanischer Geistlicher und Dichter geistlicher Lieder. Leben Keble wurde nach dem Studium in Oxford dort zum Fellow am …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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