Jubilee, Year of

▪ religious celebration
also called  Holy Year,  

      in the Roman Catholic church, a celebration that is observed on certain special occasions and for 1 year every 25 years, under certain conditions, when a special indulgence is granted to members of the faith by the pope and confessors are given special faculties, including the lifting of censures. It resembles the Old Testament Jubilee—in which, every 50 years, the Hebrews celebrated a year of perfect rest, emancipated slaves, and restored hereditary property—but does not seem to be based on it.

      Pope Boniface VIII established the Holy Year in 1300 as a centenary observance. In 1342 Clement VI reduced the interval to 50 years, and in 1470 Paul II further reduced it to 25 years. The year begins on Christmas Eve, with the opening of the Holy Doors at the Roman basilicas of St. Peter, St. John Lateran, St. Paul Outside-the-Walls, and St. Mary Major, and ends with their closing on the following Christmas Eve. Since 1500 the Jubilee has been extended to the whole world during the year following the Holy Year, and certain churches in each diocese are designated for visitation.

      Since at least 1560, special jubilees have been declared. That year the occasion was the Council of Trent, for which the guidance of the Holy Spirit was invoked. Special jubilees have been declared for a pope's 50th anniversary in the priesthood (Pope Pius XI, 1929), at the close of the Second Vatican Council (1965) to promote the knowledge and application of the council's achievements, and on many other occasions. Pope John Paul II declared 2000 a Great Year of Jubilee in celebration of the new millennium.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • jubilee year — jubilee (def. 5a). [1350 1400; ME] * * * …   Universalium

  • jubilee year — jubilee (def. 5a). [1350 1400; ME] …   Useful english dictionary

  • JUBILEE, YEAR OF —    a year during which it was required that all land which had passed out of the original owner s hands during the 50 years preceding should be restored, all who during that time had been forced to sell their liberty should be released, and all… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Jubilee, Year of —  Юбилейный год …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Jubilee, Year of (Hebrew) — • According to the Pentateuchal legislation contained in Leviticus, a Jubilee year is the year that follows immediately seven successive Sabbatic years (the Sabbatic year being the seventh year of a seven year cycle) Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Year of Jubilee (Hebrew) —     Year of Jubilee (Hebrew)     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Year of Jubilee (Hebrew)     According to the Pentateuchal legislation contained in Leviticus, a Jubilee year is the year that follows immediately seven successive Sabbatic years (the… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Jubilee 2000 — was an international coalition movement in over 40 countries that called for cancellation of third world debt by the year 2000. This movement coincided with the Great Jubilee, the celebration of the year 2000 in the Catholic Church. From early… …   Wikipedia

  • jubilee — (n.) late 14c., in the Old Testament sense, from O.Fr. jubileu jubille; anniversary; rejoicing, from L.L. jubilaeus the jubilee year, originally an adjective, of the jubilee, altered (by association with L. jubilare to shout with joy ) from Gk.… …   Etymology dictionary

  • jubilee — ► NOUN 1) a special anniversary, especially one celebrating twenty five or fifty years of something. 2) Jewish History a year of emancipation and restoration, kept every fifty years. ORIGIN from Latin jubilaeus annus year of jubilee , from a… …   English terms dictionary

  • Jubilee Bridge (India) — Jubilee Bridge is an important rail bridge over Hooghly River between Naihati and Bandel. Jubilee Bridge is flanked on either side by Garifa and Hooghly Ghat stations.Jubilee Bridge was opened on 16th February 1887 in the fiftieth or jubilee year …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.