Jawlensky, Alexey von

▪ Russian painter
born March 13, 1864, Torzhok, Russia
died March 15, 1941, Wiesbaden, Ger.

      Russian painter noted for his Expressionistic portraits and the mystical tone of his late paintings of abstract faces.

      In 1889 Jawlensky gave up an established career in the Russian Imperial Guard to study painting under the Russian historical painter Ilya Repin. In 1896, disenchanted with realism, he moved to Munich, where he met the painter Wassily Kandinsky (Kandinsky, Wassily), who remained a lifelong influence. While in France in 1905, he worked with the Fauvist painter Henri Matisse (Matisse, Henri), whose flat areas of vibrant colour exerted a further influence on his work.

      Back in Munich, Jawlensky joined the Neue Künstlervereinigung (“New Artists' Association,” known as the NKV), a loose affiliation of Expressionist artists. He was more sympathetic, however, to the NKV's splinter group, Der Blaue Reiter (Blaue Reiter, Der) (“The Blue Rider”), led by Kandinsky. Jawlensky's association with Der Blaue Reiter led to such works as his “Mme. Turandot” (1912), in which flat areas of vibrant Fauve colour are outlined with simple, thickened contours to produce rich and daring colour harmonies.

      During World War I Jawlensky painted his “Variations,” numerous paintings of the view from his window, which exhibit a new calm, meditative mood that culminates in the semiabstract faces he began to paint in 1917. A devout man, Jawlensky imbued these frontally viewed faces, such as his “Looking Within Night” (1923), with a mystical intensity that has led them to be compared to the icons of the Russian Orthodox church.

      In 1924 Jawlensky joined Kandinsky, Paul Klee, and Lyonel Feininger in forming a short-lived association called Der Blaue Vier (“The Blue Four”). He exhibited with them for some years, but in the 1930s crippling arthritis forced him to abandon painting.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Blaue Reiter, Der — (German; The Blue Rider ) Organization of Expressionist artists formed in Munich in 1911 by Vasily Kandinsky and Franz Marc. The name derived from a volume of essays and illustrations they published. Other members included Paul Klee and August… …   Universalium

  • painting, Western — ▪ art Introduction       history of Western painting from its beginnings in prehistoric times to the present.       Painting, the execution of forms and shapes on a surface by means of pigment (but see also drawing for discussion of depictions in …   Universalium

  • Neue Künstlervereinigung — ▪ art organization GermanNew Artists Association  exhibiting group founded in Munich, Germany, in 1909 by Wassily Kandinsky (Kandinsky, Wassily), Alexey von Jawlensky (Jawlensky, Alexey von), Gabriele Münter (Münter, Gabriele), and numerous… …   Universalium

  • Jack of Diamonds — ▪ group of artists also called  Knave Of Diamonds,  Russian  Bubnovy Valet,    group of artists founded in Moscow in 1909, whose members were for the next few years the leading exponents of avant garde art in Russia. The group s first exhibition …   Universalium

  • List of Russians — This is a list of people associated with Imperial Russia, the Soviet Union, and Russia of today. For a long time Russia has been a multinational country, and many people of different ethnicity contributed to its culture, to its glory, and to its… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.