James, Jesse; and James, Frank

▪ American outlaws
in full, respectively,  Jesse Woodson James  and  Alexander Franklin James  
Respectively,
 
born Sept. 5, 1847, near Centerville [now Kearney], Mo., U.S.
died April 3, 1882, St. Joseph, Mo.
born Jan. 10, 1843, near Centerville
died Feb. 18, 1915, near Kearney
 two brothers who were among the most notorious outlaws of the American West, engaging in robberies that came to typify the hazards of the 19th-century frontier as it has been portrayed in motion-picture Westerns.

 Reared on a Missouri farm, Jesse and Frank shared their family's sympathy with the Southern cause when the American Civil War broke out (1861). Frank joined William C. Quantrill's Confederate guerrillas, becoming friends with Cole Younger, a fellow member. Jesse followed suit by joining “Bloody” Bill Anderson's guerrilla band. At the end of the war the bands surrendered, but Jesse was reportedly shot and severely wounded by Federal soldiers while under a flag of truce. He and Frank, joined by eight other men, then began their outlaw career by robbing a bank in Liberty, Mo., on Feb. 13, 1866. During the same year, Cole Younger joined the gang, with the other Younger brothers following his lead one by one during the next few years. The James gang robbed banks from Iowa to Alabama and Texas and began holding up trains in 1873. The bandits also preyed upon stagecoaches, stores, and individuals. Throughout their long career and afterward, their exploits were seized upon by writers who exaggerated and romanticized their deeds to meet the demands of Eastern readers for bloody Western tales of derring-do. To the Missouri Ozark people, Jesse James emerged as a romantic figure, hounded into a life of crime by authorities who never forgave his allegiance to the South. Jesse and Frank did, in fact, always seek to justify their banditry on grounds of persecution.

 On Sept. 7, 1876, the James gang was nearly destroyed while trying to rob the First National Bank at Northfield, Minn. Of the eight bandits only the James brothers escaped death or capture. After gathering a new gang in 1879, the James brothers resumed robbing, and in 1881 Missouri governor Thomas T. Crittenden offered a $10,000 reward for their capture, dead or alive. While living at St. Joseph under the pseudonym of Thomas Howard, the unarmed Jesse was adjusting a picture on the wall in his home when he was shot in the back of the head and instantly killed by Robert Ford, a gang member, who claimed the reward. A few months later, Frank James gave himself up. He was tried for murder in Missouri and found not guilty, tried for robbery in Alabama and found not guilty, and finally tried for armed robbery in Missouri and again released. A free man, he retired to a quiet life on his family's farm, dying in 1915 in the room in which he was born.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James, Jesse and James, Frank — in full Jesse Woodson James and Alexander Franklin James born Sept. 5, 1847, near Centerville, Mo., U.S. died April 3, 1882, St. Joseph, Mo. born Jan. 10, 1843, near Centerville, Mo. died Feb. 18, 1915, near Kearney, Mo. Brothers who were among… …   Universalium

  • James-Younger Gang — Jesse and Frank James, 1872 The James Younger Gang was a notable 19th century gang of American outlaws that included Jesse James. The gang was centered in the state of Missouri. Membership fluctuated from robbery to robbery, as the outlaws raids… …   Wikipedia

  • Jesse James — Jesse Woodson James (* 5. September 1847 in Centerville, (später in Kearney umbenannt) im Clay County, Missouri; † 3. April 1882 in Saint Joseph, Missouri) war ein US amerikanischer Bandit und das bekannteste Mitglied der James Younger Bande.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jesse Helms — United States Senator from North Carolina In office January 3, 1973 – January 3, 2003 Preceded by B. Everett Jordan Succeeded by …   Wikipedia

  • Jesse Jackson, Jr. — Jesse Jackson, Jr. Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Illinois s 2nd district Incumbent …   Wikipedia

  • Jesse Ventura — 38th Governor of Minnesota In office January 8, 1999 – January 6, 2003 Lieutenant Mae Schunk Preceded …   Wikipedia

  • Jesse Hubbard and Angie Baxter — Jesse and Angie Hubbard (Darnell Williams and Debbi Morgan) are daytime TV s first African American supercouple. Jesse Hubbard and Angela Angie Baxter Hubbard are fictional characters and a supercouple from the ABC daytime drama All My Children.… …   Wikipedia

  • Jesse Frederick — Jesse s 1971 Self Titled LP Jesse Frederick (born 1948) is a film and television composer best known for writing and performing the themes to popular television shows such as Perfect Strangers, Full House, Family Matters, and Step By Step …   Wikipedia

  • James (surname) — James is a surname, and may refer to * A. P. T. James (c1908 1962), better known as Fargo James; Tobagonian politicianmrs james teacher *Alex James (footballer) * Alex James (musician) * Alice James * Anthony James * Art James * B. G. James,… …   Wikipedia

  • Frank Luther — (August 4, 1900 November 16, 1980) was an American country music singer, dance band vocalist, playwright, songwriter and pianist.Born Francis Luther Crow on a farm near Lakin, Kansas, forty miles from the Colorado line, he was raised on a farm… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.