Jacobi, Sir Derek

▪ British actor
born October 22, 1938, Leytonstone, East London, England

      English actor whose shy, self-effacing private demeanour belied his forceful, commanding stage presence.

      Born into a nontheatrical family—his father was a London department store manager, his mother a secretary—Jacobi first developed a taste for performing while attending the all-male Leyton County High School. Earning a scholarship to St. John's College, Cambridge, he studied alongside such future theatrical luminaries as Ian McKellen (McKellen, Sir Ian) and Trevor Nunn. His leading performance in a Cambridge production of Edward II landed him his first professional job with the Birmingham Repertory in 1960. Three years later he joined the National Theatre Company at the invitation of director-manager Laurence Olivier (Olivier, Laurence, Baron Olivier of Brighton), making his first London appearance as Laertes in Hamlet. Reportedly, Jacobi was so shy and retiring during his first few months with the National that Olivier had to virtually force him onstage to take his curtain calls. In 1965 he received his first contemporary starring role in the West End farce Black Comedy and also made his film debut as Cassio in Olivier's Othello.

      After earning critical plaudits for such demanding stage roles as Oedipus Rex, Jacobi achieved international stardom in 1976 with his award-winning characterization of the title role in the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) television miniseries I, Claudius. His subsequent television triumphs included the roles of Guy Burgess in Philby, Burgess and Maclean (1977), Claude Frollo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1982), Adolf Hitler in Inside the Third Reich (1982), and computer-technology pioneer Alan Turing in Breaking the Code (1996). Despite his heavy TV workload, he still found ample time for his first love, the theatre; his more noteworthy stage appearances of the 1980s included his star turn in the Royal Shakespeare Company's revival of Cyrano de Bergerac (1982) and his Tony Award–winning interpretation of Benedick in the RSC's staging of Much Ado About Nothing (1984).

      Beginning with his performance as the Chorus in the 1989 motion-picture version of Henry V, Jacobi frequently appeared in films directed by one of his most devoted disciples, actor Kenneth Branagh (Branagh, Kenneth). These include the contemporary melodrama Dead Again (1991) and the all-star “uncut” film version of Hamlet (1996), in which he played Claudius. It was during this period that he enjoyed still another round of television success with his appearances as a crime-solving 12th-century monk in The Brother Cadfael Mysteries, a 13-part series based on the novels of Ellis Peters (Peters, Ellis). In 2000 he played Vanya in Anton Chekhov's Uncle Vanya on Broadway, and he appeared in the film Gosford Park (2001).

      A staunch advocate of “unreverential Shakespeare,” Jacobi played his Shakespearean roles in a nondeclamatory, conversational fashion. Prime examples of this down-to-earth approach can be seen in his performances as Richard II and Hamlet in the ambitious BBC–Public Broadcasting Service Shakespeare Plays television anthology (1979–85). Along with his mentor Laurence Olivier, Jacobi holds both a Danish (1980) and a British (1994) knighthood.

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Universalium. 2010.

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