Izvolsky, Aleksandr, Count

▪ foreign minister of Russia
(Graf),in full  Count Aleksandr Petrovich Izvolsky  
born March 6 [March 18, New Style], 1856, Moscow, Russia
died Aug. 16, 1919, Paris, France

      diplomat who was responsible for a major Russian diplomatic defeat in the Balkans (1908–09) that increased tensions between Russia and Austria-Hungary prior to World War I.

      Educated at the Imperial Lyceum in St. Petersburg, Izvolsky held numerous diplomatic posts throughout the world before becoming Russia's minister of foreign affairs in May 1906. In 1907 he resolved the Anglo-Russian rivalries in Iran, Tibet, and Afghanistan by concluding a treaty with Great Britain; he then directed his attention toward restoring the right of Russian warships to use the Dardanelles strait. In attempting to achieve this goal, he reached an agreement with Austria at Buchlau, Moravia (Sept. 15, 1908). But the terms of the agreement were confused, and although Russia reluctantly supported Austria's annexation of Bosnia and Hercegovina (Oct. 7, 1908), which not only precipitated a crisis in the Balkans but also generally improved the position of Austria there at Russia's expense, Austria declined to use its influence to bring about the opening of the strait. Izvolsky then attempted to balance Austrian influence in the Balkans by concluding an agreement with Italy (Racconigi Agreement; Oct. 24, 1909), in which the two promised to cooperate in preventing a single power from dominating the Balkans. Nevertheless, Izvolsky was dismissed in September 1910. He then served as ambassador to France until May 1917.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Izvolsky, Aleksandr (Petrovich), Count — born March 18, 1856, Moscow, Russia died Aug. 16, 1919, Paris, France Russian diplomat. He became minister of foreign affairs in 1906. In 1908 he secured Austria s support for the right of Russian warships to use the Dardanelles strait in return… …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr — (as used in expressions) Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandr Nikolayevich Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Blok Aleksandr Aleksandrovich Borodin Aleksandr Porfiryevich Glazunov Aleksandr Konstantinovich Gorchakov Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prince Gorsky Aleksandr… …   Universalium

  • count — count1 /kownt/, v.t. 1. to check over (the separate units or groups of a collection) one by one to determine the total number; add up; enumerate: He counted his tickets and found he had ten. 2. to reckon up; calculate; compute. 3. to list or name …   Universalium

  • Aehrenthal, Alois, Graf (count) Lexa von — ▪ Austro Hungarian foreign minister in full  Alois Leopold Johann Baptist, Graf Lexa von Aehrenthal  born Sept. 27, 1854, Gross Skal, Bohemia [now Hrubá Skála, Czech Republic] died Feb. 17, 1912, Vienna, Austria Hungary  foreign minister… …   Universalium

  • Russia — /rush euh/, n. 1. Also called Russian Empire. Russian, Rossiya. a former empire in E Europe and N and W Asia: overthrown by the Russian Revolution 1917. Cap.: St. Petersburg (1703 1917). 2. See Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. 3. See Russian… …   Universalium

  • international relations — a branch of political science dealing with the relations between nations. [1970 75] * * * Study of the relations of states with each other and with international organizations and certain subnational entities (e.g., bureaucracies and political… …   Universalium

  • Austria — Austrian, adj., n. /aw stree euh/, n. a republic in central Europe. 8,054,078; 32,381 sq. mi. (83,865 sq. km). Cap.: Vienna. German, Österreich. * * * Austria Introduction Austria Background: Once the center of power for the large Austro… …   Universalium

  • Bosnian crisis of 1908 — ▪ Balkan history       state of severe international tension caused by the annexation by Austria Hungary of the Balkan provinces of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The Congress of Berlin (1878) had given Austria Hungary the right to occupy and administer …   Universalium

  • Petrovich — (as used in expressions) Pavel Petrovich Izvolsky Aleksandr Petrovich Count Mussorgsky Modest Petrovich Pavlov Ivan Petrovich Pobedonostsev Konstantin Petrovich * * * …   Universalium

  • Karl Nesselrode — Count Nesselrode, as painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence in 1818. Baltic German Count Karl Robert Nesselrode, also known as Charles de Nesselrode, (Lisbon, Portugal, December 14, 1780 Saint Petersburg, March 23, 1862; ru. Карл Васильевич Нессельроде,… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.