Israëls, Jozef

▪ Dutch painter
born January 27, 1824, Groningen, Netherlands
died August 12, 1911, The Hague

      painter and etcher, often called the “Dutch Millet” (see Jean-Franƈois Millet (Millet, Jean-François)). Israëls was the leader of the Hague school of peasant genre painting, which flourished in The Netherlands between 1860 and 1900. He began his studies in Amsterdam and from 1845 to 1847 worked in Paris under the academic painters Horace Vernet (Vernet, Horace) and Paul Delaroche (Delaroche, Paul).

      Israëls first tried to establish himself as a painter of Romantic portraits and conventional historical pictures but had achieved little success when in 1855 ill health compelled him to leave Amsterdam for the fishing village of Zandvoort, near Haarlem. That change of scenery revolutionized his art; he turned to realistic and compassionate portrayals of the Dutch peasantry and fisherfolk (e.g., Waiting for the Herring Boats, 1875). In 1871 he moved to The Hague, and he often worked in nearby Scheveningen.

      Besides oils, Israëls worked in watercolours and was an etcher of the first rank. His later works in all media express a tragic sense of life and are generally treated in broad masses of light and shade. His painting style was influenced by Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn)'s later works, and, like Rembrandt (Rembrandt van Rijn), Israëls often painted the poor Jews of the Dutch ghettos (e.g., A Son of the Chosen People, 1889). His son Isaac (1865–1934), also a painter, adopted an Impressionist (Impressionism) technique and subject matter and had some influence on his father's later work.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • ISRAËLS, JOZEF — (1824–1911), Dutch painter. Israëls, who was born in Groningen, the son of a money changer, studied first at the Amsterdam Academy, then at the Académie des Beaux Arts in Paris, where he copied the works of old masters at the Louvre and became… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Israels, Jozef — (1824–1911)    Dutch painter. It was with his compassionate portrayal of the ordinary life of fishermen and peasants that Israels established his fame. In his treatment of landscapes, and his choice of Jewish topics, his work is reminiscent of… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Israels, Jozef — (1824 1911)    Dutch painter. He was born in Groningen, and earned his living in Amsterdam by painting portraits and historical subjects, including scenes from Jewish life and history. In 1855 he settled in Zandvoort, and later he moved to The… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Jozef Israels — Jozef Israëls Jozef Israëls est un peintre impressionniste néerlandais, père du peintre Isaac Lazarius Israëls. Il est né à Groningue le 27 janvier 1824 et mort à La Haye le 21 août 1911. Voir aussi Articles connexes Anton Mauve Liens externes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Israëls — Israëls, Jozef, holländ. Maler, geb. 27. Jan. 1824 in Groningen, machte seine künstlerischen Studien bei Cornelis Kruseman in Amsterdam und nachher bei Picot in Paris und ließ sich später im Haag nieder. Anfangs versuchte er sich in historischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Jozef Israëls — Jozef Israëls: Wenn man alt geworden ist. (Haags Gemeentemuseum voor Moderne Kunst) Jozef Israëls (* 27. Januar 1827 in Groningen; † 10. August 1911 in Den Haag) war ein niederländischer Maler. Er war einer der wichtigsten Maler der Haager Schule …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israëls — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Isaac Israëls (1865–1934), niederländischer Maler Jozef Israëls (1827–1911), niederländischer Maler Siehe auch: Israël Diese Seite ist eine …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israëls —   [ ɪsraːɛls],    1) Isaac Lazarus, niederländischer Maler und Grafiker, * Amsterdam 3. 2. 1865, ✝ Den Haag 7. 10. 1934, Sohn von 2). Mit dem Stil seiner Frühzeit näherte er sich dem Werk G. H. Breitners. Auf Reisen nach Paris (ab 1878) nahm er… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Jozef Israëls — Infobox Artist bgcolour = name = Jozef Israëls imagesize = caption = Jozef Israëls by Jan Veth birthname = birthdate = birth date|1824|1|27 location = Groningen, Netherlands deathdate = death date and age|1911|8|12|1824|1|27 deathplace =… …   Wikipedia

  • Jozef Israëls — Autoportrait (1908) Jozef Israëls le 27 janvier 1824 à Groningue et mort à La Haye le 10 août 1911 est un peintre …   Wikipédia en Français

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