Inch'ŏn

      port city, Kyŏnggi do (province), northwestern South Korea. It lies near the mouth of the Han River, 25 miles (40 km) west-southwest of Seoul, with which it is connected by highway and railroad. It serves as the capital's chief seaport. In 1981 Inch'ŏn was given the status of a special city (area, 80 square miles [208 square km]) under the direct control of the home minister, with administrative status equal to a province.

      A fishing port since the Yi dynasty (1392–1910), Inch'ŏn became one of three Korean treaty ports in 1883 and developed as an international commercial port before the Japanese occupation (1910–45). During the occupation, modern industries and port facilities were developed and tidal basins constructed to overcome the 33-foot (10-metre) difference in tide level. During the Korean War, a successful United Nations troop landing at Inch'ŏn in mid-September 1950 crippled the North Korean invasion, and, to commemorate it, a huge statue of General Douglas MacArthur was erected in the city park. After the Korean War, a plate-glass factory, an iron and steel plant, an oil refinery factory, and a new dock were built at Inch'ŏn. The city's other industries are chemicals, lumber, and salt manufacturing, and the Inha University (1954) is also located there. Part of Inch'ŏn's seaside and nearby islands are used for bathing and other public recreation. Pop. (1990 prelim.) 1,818,293.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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