IJsselmeer Polders

region, The Netherlands
Dutch  IJsselmeerpolders,  

      group of four polders, central Netherlands, that were reclaimed from the IJsselmeer, a lake that used to be part of the former Zuiderzee. The polders are located in the lake's southern part and along its eastern shore (except for Wieringermeer in the northwest).

      The Zuiderzee project, which involved the construction of a dam (Afsluitdijk; completed 1932) enclosing the IJsselmeer and the subsequent land reclamation of its rich marine clay, began in 1920, following the plans of engineer-statesman Cornelis Lely. The Wieringermeer Polder (75 square miles [193 square km]), the Northeast (Noordoost) Polder (181 square miles [469 square km]), and the East (Oostelijk) Flevoland Polder (204 square miles [528 square km]) were completed in 1930, 1942, and 1957, respectively. The South (Zuidelijk) Flevoland Polder (166 square miles [430 square km]) was completed in 1968. A fifth potential polder is the Markerwaard Polder in southwest IJsselmeer. Under construction since 1963, its diking was partially complete by the mid-1980s, but plans were then abandoned.

      The Wieringermeer Polder, on the northeastern coast of Noord-Holland, has been incorporated into that province. The Northeast, East Flevoland, and South Flevoland polders were united in 1986 into one administrative unit called Flevoland province, centring on the new town of Lelystad.

      The four polders reclaimed from the IJsselmeer increased the land area of The Netherlands by about 626 square miles (1,620 square km). Originally intended almost exclusively for agricultural production (corn [maize], wheat, oilseeds, sugar beets, potatoes), the polders are also used for industrial and recreational purposes and as residential areas.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • IJSSELMEER — Lac d’eau douce des Pays Bas, l’IJsselmeer occupe la partie septentrionale de l’ancien Zuiderzee, vaste golfe de la mer du Nord (3 500 km2), qui a été endigué et poldérisé au cours du XXe siècle. L’origine du Zuiderzee (ou «mer du Sud») est très… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • IJsselmeer — Abschlussdeich des IJsselmeeres Geographische Lage nördl. Niederlande Zuflüsse IJssel, Zwarte Wa …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • IJsselmeer — Photographie satellite des Pays Bas avec en son centre l IJsselmeer Administration Pays …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ijsselmeer — Pour les articles homonymes, voir IJssel (homonymie). Photographie satellite des Pays Bas avec en son centre l IJsselmeer L’IJsselmeer (lac de l’IJssel …   Wikipédia en Français

  • IJsselmeer — /uy seuhl mayrdd /, n. a lake in the NW Netherlands: created by the diking of the Zuider Zee. 465 sq. mi. (1204 sq. km). Also, Ijsselmeer. * * * English Lake Ijssel Shallow freshwater lake, northern and central Netherlands. Fed by the IJssel… …   Universalium

  • Liste Des Polders Des Pays-Bas — Cet article liste les principaux polders des Pays Bas Sommaire 1 Polders de l IJsselmeer 2 Polders de Groningue 3 Polders de la Hollande Septentrionale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des polders des Pays-Bas — Cet article liste les principaux polders des Pays Bas Sommaire 1 Polders de l IJsselmeer 2 Polders de Groningue 3 Polders de la Hollande Septentrionale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ZuiderZee — Zui·der Zee (zīʹdər zēʹ, zāʹ, zoiʹdər zāʹ) A former shallow inlet of the North Sea in northeast Netherlands. Originally a lake, it was joined with the North Sea by heavy flooding. A dike, completed in 1932, turned the southern section into the… …   Universalium

  • Netherlands, The — officially Kingdom of The Netherlands byname Holland Country, northwestern Europe. Area: 16,033 sq mi (41,526 sq km). Population (2002 est.): 16,142,000. Capital: Amsterdam; Seat of Government: The Hague. Most of the people are Dutch. Languages:… …   Universalium

  • Almere — Héraldique Drapeau …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.