ibn Ezra, Abraham ben Meir

▪ Spanish-Jewish scholar
born 1092/93, Tudela, Emirate of Saragossa
died 1167, Calahorra, Spain

      poet, grammarian, traveller, Neoplatonic philosopher, and astronomer, best known as a biblical exegete whose commentaries contributed to the Golden Age of Spanish Judaism.

      As a young man, he lived in Muslim Spain. Not much is known about his early life. He was on friendly terms with the eminent poet and philosopher Judah ha-Levi, and he travelled to North Africa and possibly to Egypt. Primarily known as a scholar and poet up to that point, in about 1140 Ibn Ezra began a lifelong series of wanderings throughout Europe, in the course of which he produced distinguished works of biblical exegesis and disseminated biblical lore.

      His biblical commentaries include expositions of the Book of Job, the Book of Daniel, Psalms, and, most importantly, a work produced in his old age, a commentary on the Pentateuch, the five books of Moses. Although his exegeses are basically philological, he inserted enough philosophical remarks to reveal himself to be a Neoplatonic pantheist. At the same time, he believed that God gave form to uncreated, eternal matter, a concept somewhat at odds with his Neoplatonic emanations doctrine. Ibn Ezra, in his departure from orthodox biblical interpretation (although he extolled such orthodoxy), is sometimes held to be a precursor of the great 17th-century philosopher Spinoza. His commentary on the Pentateuch is sometimes ranked with the classic 11th-century commentaries by Rashi on the Talmud, the rabbinic compendium of law, lore, and commentary.

      Ibn Ezra also translated the Hispano-Hebrew grammarians who had written in Arabic and wrote grammatical treatises. He also had a good knowledge of astronomy and cast horoscopes, and he believed in numerological mysticism as well.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • IBN EZRA, ABRAHAM BEN MEIR — (1089–1164), one of the most important Jewish Bible exegetes; also a poet, composer of piyyutim , grammarian, translator, philosopher, astronomer, and astrologer. Exceptionally erudite, he was among the last creative geniuses of the Spanish… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ibn Ezra, Abraham ben-Meir — (c. 1089–c. 1164)    Spanish poet and biblical scholar. Ibn Ezra was born in Tudela, and was closely attached to his renowned fellow townsman Judah HALEVI. He lived in Cordova under a pseudonym, and had considerable difficulty in earning a… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • IBN MUHĀJIR, ABRAHAM BEN MEIR — (c. 1100; also called Ibn Shortmeqash), leader of the Jewish community in seville , Spain. A member of a prominent family, Abraham served at the court of the Abbadid king al Muʾtamid, and was called by the title of vizier. He is mentioned by the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra — Abraham ibn Ezra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibn Ezra et Ezra (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham-Ben-Meir Aben-Ezra —     Abraham ben Méir Aben Ezra     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Abraham ben Méir Aben Ezra     (Or IBN EZRA).     A celebrated Spanish Rabbi, born at Toledo in 1092; died on his Journey from Rome, or Rodez, to his native land, 23 January, 1167. He… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abraham ben Meir Ibn Esra — (auch Abraham Ben Ezra, Aben Esra, Avenesra oder Ebenesra) (* um 1092 in Tudela, Spanien; † 23. Januar oder 28. Januar 1167) war ein jüdischer Gelehrter und Schriftsteller. Nach ihm ist der Mondkrater Abenezra benannt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra — Libro del Éxodo comentado por Aben Ezra y publicado en 1488. El rabí Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra, conocido también como Aben Ezra o Esra, Abraham Judaeus, Abendre y Avenara, y calificado como el Sabio, el Grande, el Admirable, (Tudela, Taifa de… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra — Rabí Abraham ben Meir ibn Ezra Nació en el año 1092 en Tudela, que perteneció antiguamente al emirato de Zaragoza y actualmente es una población de Navarra, – Falleció en Calahorra, 1167 Hombre polifacético: poeta, filósofo, gramático, cabalista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abraham Ben Esra — Abraham ibn Ezra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibn Ezra et Ezra (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Abraham Ben Ezra — Abraham ibn Ezra Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ibn Ezra et Ezra (homonymie) …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.