Hymettus, Mount

Modern Greek  Óros, Imittós,  

      limestone mountain southeast of Athens, Greece. With a peak elevation of 3,366 ft (1,026 m), the 11-mi- (18-km-) long ridge is divided into two small series of peaks by the gorge of Pirnari in the southwest. The ancient quarries of Kara marble are located near the monastery of Karíais. The limestone is honeycombed with many ancient tombs between the villages of Kará, Trákhones, and Komniná. The aromatic plants and flowers of the mountainside, described by the Roman poet Ovid in Ars amatoria (c. 1 BC), have long since vanished, but there is beekeeping as in antiquity. An extensive reafforestation program after World War II produced some visible results. A small monastery, the Kaisarianí, stands on the site of a spring renowned in the ancient world for its curative properties.

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