Hyde, Douglas

▪ president of Ireland
Irish  Dubhighlas de Hide ; pseudonym  An Craoibhín Aoibhinn 
born January 17, 1860, Frenchpark, County Roscommon, Ire.
died July 12, 1949, Dublin
 distinguished Gaelic scholar and writer and first president of the Republic of Ireland (Éire). He was the outstanding figure in the struggle for the preservation and extension of the Irish language from 1893, when he founded the Gaelic League (a nationalistic organization of Roman Catholics and Protestants), until 1922, when the founding of the Irish Free State accorded the Irish language equal status with English.

      In 1884 Hyde was graduated from Trinity College in Dublin, where he first studied ancient Gaelic. He became the first professor of modern Irish at University College, Dublin, in 1909 and held the chair until his retirement in 1932. His most important works of scholarship are The Love Songs of Connacht (1893) and A Literary History of Ireland (1899). Other works include The Bursting of the Bubble and Other Irish Plays (1905) and Legends of Saints and Sinners (1915).

      During this period of academic work, he largely avoided political activity. He resigned the presidency of the Gaelic League in 1915, when it became clear that it had become a separatist organization. Later, however, he served for a short time as a member of the Senate of the Irish Free State. In 1937, when a new constitution created the office of president of Ireland, Hyde was the unanimous choice of all parties and was elected unopposed for a seven-year term.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hyde, Douglas —    LL.D    Irish scholar. Beside the Fire, Love Songs of Connacht (1894), Three Sorrows of Story telling (1895), Story of Early Irish Literature (1897), A Literary History of Ireland (1899), and various works in Irish; has ed. various Irish texts …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Hyde, Douglas — (1860 1949)    Born at Castlerea, County Roscommon, Ireland, the son of clergyman, he was to become a distinguished Gaelic scholar and writer and first president of the Republic of Ireland (Éire) from 1938 to 1945. His Irish name is Dubhighlas de …   British and Irish poets

  • HYDE (D.) — HYDE DOUGLAS (1860 1949) Il est des hommes qui entretiennent une relation privilégiée avec le terroir où ils sont nés. Tel est bien le cas de Douglas Hyde. Ce fils d’un pasteur anglican, natif du comté de Roscommon en Irlande, fut essentiellement …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Douglas Hyde — For the later author of the same name, see Douglas Hyde (author). Douglas Hyde Douglas Hyde, circa 1902 1st President of Ireland In office 2 …   Wikipedia

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  • Douglas Hyde (author) — For the author and Irish President of the same name, see Douglas Hyde. Douglas Arnold Hyde (8 April 1911, Worthing, Sussex 19 September 1996, Kingston upon Thames) was a Communist who was the news editor of the Daily Worker until 1948, when he… …   Wikipedia

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