Huidobro, Vicente

▪ Chilean writer
in full  Vicente García Huidobro Fernández  
born January 10, 1893, Santiago, Chile
died January 2, 1948, Santiago

      Chilean poet, self-proclaimed father of the short-lived avant-garde movement known as Creacionismo (“ creationism”). Huidobro was a prominent figure in the post-World War I literary vanguard in Paris and Madrid as well as at home in Chile, and he did much to introduce his countrymen to contemporary European, especially French, innovations in poetic form and imagery.

      In 1916, after publishing several collections of poetry in Chile and achieving recognition and notoriety for such literary manifestos as Non serviam (1914; “I Will Not Serve”), in which he rejected the entire poetic past, Huidobro went to Paris. There he collaborated with the avant-garde French poets Guillaume Apollinaire (Apollinaire, Guillaume) and Pierre Reverdy (Reverdy, Pierre) on the influential literary review Nord-Sud (“North-South”). During this period Creationism was invented, whether by him or by Reverdy is moot; certainly Huidobro was its most vociferous exponent. In Poemas árticos (1918; “Arctic Poems”) and Saisons choisies (1921; “Chosen Seasons”), the latter in French, he exemplified his Creationist theories with incongruous juxtapositions of striking images and random, seemingly irrational, sequences of words and letters of the alphabet.

      Huidobro went to Madrid in 1918, where he was enthusiastically received in avant-garde literary circles and where in 1921 he was one of the founders of Ultraísmo ( Ultraism), the Spanish offshoot of Creationism. Traveling frequently between Europe and Chile, he was largely responsible for creating the climate of literary experimentation, based on French models, that prevailed in post-World War I Chile. He accomplished this as much through his well-publicized exploits (such as his semiserious candidacy for the presidency of Chile) as through his frequent magazine articles and poetry.

      Continuing to write in the Creationist idiom in such novels as Sátiro; o, el poder de las palabras (1939; “Satyr; or, the Power of Words”), Huidobro also remained a prolific poet in that style long after the movement itself had collapsed. Although his vogue faded for a time, his work continued to exert a strong influence on later Latin American poets.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Huidobro, Vicente — ► (1893 1948) Poeta chileno. Consideraba que la poesía no era más que una imitación de la naturaleza y debía convertirse en creación. Sus obras principales son Altazor (1931) y El ciudadano del olvido (1929). * * * orig. Vicente García Huidobro… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vicente Huidobro — Nacimiento 10 de enero de 1893 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vicente Huidobro — Huidobro Vicente Huidobro (* 10. Januar 1893 in Santiago de Chile; † 2. Januar 1948 ebenda; vollständiger Name Vicente Garcia Huidobro Fernández) war ein chilenischer Lyriker, der den avantgardistischen Creacionismo begründete. Seine Gedichte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vicente — n. p. m. ¿Dónde va Vicente?... Donde va la gente. Refrán con que se indica o se comenta que alguien o la generalidad de la gente se limita a hacer lo que hacen otros. ⇒ *Imitar. * * * Vicente. ¿dónde va Vicente? donde va la gente, o al ruido de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Huidobro — Huidobro, Luis Huidobro, Vicente …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vicente Huidobro — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Parra. Vicente Huidobro Nom de naissance Vicente García Huidobro Fernández …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vicente Garcia H. Fernández — In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Lebenslauf, Werke, Erklärung zu Creacionismo, Bedeutung Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie recherchierst und einfügst …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vicente Huidobro — Vicente García Huidobro Fernández (January 10, 1893 ndash; January 2, 1948) was a Chilean poet born to an aristocratic family. He was an exponent of the artistic movement called Creacionismo ( Creationism ), which held that a poet should bring… …   Wikipedia

  • Vicente Huidobro — (Santiago de Chile, 10 de enero de 1893 Cartagena, Chile 2 de enero de 1948). poeta chileno, exponente del creacionismo. Vicente García Huidobro Fernández nació el 10 de enero de 1893 en Santiago de Chile en el seno de una familia rica y con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Huidobro — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Eleuterio Fernández Huidobro (* 1942), uruguayischer Politiker Vicente Huidobro (1893–1948), chilenischer Lyriker Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mi …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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