Horthy, Miklós

▪ Hungarian statesman

born June 18, 1868, Kenderes, Hung., Austria-Hungary
died Feb. 9, 1957, Estoril, Port.
 Hungarian naval officer and conservative leader who defeated revolutionary forces in Hungary after World War I and remained the country's head of state until 1944.

      A member of a noble Protestant family, Horthy entered the Austro-Hungarian naval academy at Fiume (now Rijeka, Croatia) at age 14. Aide-de-camp to the emperor Francis Joseph (1909–14), he distinguished himself as a naval commander in World War I by several times breaking the Allied Adriatic blockade. Promoted to admiral in 1918, he presided over the Austro-Hungarian fleet's transfer to Yugoslavia in October 1918.

      The following year, at the request of the counter-revolutionary government at Szeged, Hung., Horthy organized an army to oppose the Communist regime of Béla Kun (Kun, Béla) and led his troops into the capital in November after Kun had fled. The Hungarian Parliament, elected in January 1920, declared for the restoration of the monarchy and elected Horthy regent (March 1). Horthy, however, despite much controversy, thwarted the efforts of King Charles IV to recover his throne.

      From 1921 to 1931 Horthy had little to do with public affairs, leaving the conduct of government in the hands of Count István Bethlen. During the troubled 1930s, however, Horthy assumed more and more control, and in 1937 the Parliament voted a considerable extension of his powers. Although he disliked Adolf Hitler, he sympathized with the German dictator's “crusade against Bolshevism,” and initially acquiesced in Hungary's adherence to the German side in World War II. His later efforts to extricate Hungary from the war led to his forced abdication and abduction by the Germans in 1944. He was released by Allied troops in May 1945 and allowed to go to Portugal, where his memoirs, Confidential Papers, were published in 1965.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Horthy Miklós (Nagybányai) — born June 18, 1868, Kenderes, Hung., Austria Hungary died Feb. 9, 1957, Estoril, Port. Hungarian naval officer and regent (1920–44). He served with distinction as a naval commander in World War I and was promoted to admiral in 1918. In 1919 he… …   Universalium

  • Horthy, Miklós (Nagybányai) — (18 jun. 1868, Kenderes, Hungría, Austria Hungría–9 feb. 1957, Estoril, Portugal). Oficial naval y regente húngaro (1920–44). Sirvió con distinción como comandante naval en la primera guerra mundial y fue ascendido a almirante en 1918. En 1919… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Miklós Horthy — Horthy redirects here. For other uses, see Horthy (disambiguation). The native form of this personal name is nagybányai Horthy Miklós. This article uses the Western name order. Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya Regent of Hungary …   Wikipedia

  • Miklos Horthy — Miklós Horthy [ˈmikloːʃ ˈhorti] (amtlich ungarisch vitéz nagybányai Horthy Miklós, deutsch Held Nikolaus Horthy von Nagybánya; * 18. Juni 1868 in Kenderes, Komitat Jász Nagykun Szolnok (Österreich Ungarn); † 9. Februar 1957 in Estoril, Portugal)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Horthy von Nagybánya — Miklós Horthy [ˈmikloːʃ ˈhorti] (amtlich ungarisch vitéz nagybányai Horthy Miklós, deutsch Held Nikolaus Horthy von Nagybánya; * 18. Juni 1868 in Kenderes, Komitat Jász Nagykun Szolnok (Österreich Ungarn); † 9. Februar 1957 in Estoril, Portugal)… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Miklós Horthy — Regente de Hungría 1 de marzo de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Miklós Horthy — [ˈmikloːʃ ˈhorti] (amtlich ungarisch vitéz nagybányai Horthy Miklós, deutsch Ritter Nikolaus Horthy von Nagybánya; * 18. Juni 1868 in Kenderes, Komitat Jász Nagykun Szolnok (Österreich Ungarn); † 9. Februar 1957 in Estoril, Portugal) war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Miklos Horthy — Miklós Horthy Miklós Horthy. L Amiral Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (né le 18 juin 1868 à Kenderes, en Hongrie, mort le 9 février 1957 à Estoril au Portugal) était un militaire et homme politique hongrois. Il fut l un des chefs des forces armées de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya — Miklós Horthy Miklós Horthy. L Amiral Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya (né le 18 juin 1868 à Kenderes, en Hongrie, mort le 9 février 1957 à Estoril au Portugal) était un militaire et homme politique hongrois. Il fut l un des chefs des forces armées de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miklós Horthy, Jr. — Miklós Horthy de Nagybánya II (in Hungarian, Horthy Miklós; February 14, 1907, Pula – March 28, 1993) was the younger son of Hungarian regent Admiral Miklós Horthy and, until the end of World War II, a politician. Biography In his youth, Miklós… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.