Hofmann, Melchior

▪ German mystic
Hofmann also spelled  Hoffmann  
born c. 1495, Schwäbisch-Hall, Swabia [Germany]
died 1543/44, Strassburg [now Strasbourg, France]

      German mystic and lay preacher noted for contributing a zealous eschatology to the religious doctrine of the Anabaptists (Anabaptist), a Reformation movement that advocated adult baptism.

      A furrier by trade, Hofmann worked as a Lutheran lay missionary in Livonia (modern Latvia and Estonia), Sweden, and northern Germany. His fervour made him a competitor of the educated clergy, and he was forced from Wolmar (now Valmiera, Latvia) in 1524 and from Dorpat (now Tartu, Estonia) in 1526. He preached to the German community in Stockholm for two years and later received an appointment as minister in Kiel (now in Germany) from Frederick I of Denmark.

      At the colloquy in Flensburg (1529), Hofmann alarmed the Lutheran reformers by rejecting the Lutheran doctrine of the Eucharist, and he was consequently banned from Denmark. Converted to Anabaptism (Anabaptist) in Strassburg, he preached doctrines that went beyond both Lutheranism and Anabaptism; he stressed the eschatological aspects of Christian belief, predicting that the end of the world would occur in 1533 and that he would ride into Strassburg with Christ in the clouds to establish the New Jerusalem. Hofmann greatly influenced the development of Anabaptism in Münster, where a group of his Dutch followers took control in 1533. Their radical apocalypticism and persecution of their opponents, however, led to their destruction by the forces of the local margrave and exiled bishop of the city in 1535.

      Traveling to the Netherlands in 1530, Hofmann won converts, who became known as Melchiorites; but upon his return to Strassburg (1533), where he was unpopular with the Anabaptists, he allowed himself to be arrested and imprisoned. Hofmann died in prison, his prophecy unfulfilled. For a short time afterward, Melchiorite groups persisted in Europe and England, but they eventually disappeared in the larger Anabaptist movement.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Melchior Hofmann — Melchior Hofmann, auch: Hoffmann, Hofman, Hoffman; Beiname: Pel(t)zer = Kürschner, (* um 1500 in Schwäbisch Hall; † 1543 in Straßburg) gehörte zu den bekannten Führern der Täuferbewegung. Seine Anhänger in Straßburg, Ostfriesland und in den… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melchior Hoffman — Melchior Hofmann, auch: Hoffmann, Hofman, Hoffman; Beiname: Pel(t)zer = Kürschner, (* um 1500 in Schwäbisch Hall; † 1543 in Straßburg) gehört zu den bekannten Führern der Täuferbewegung. Melchior Hofmann Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melchior Hoffman — Melchior Hofmann Melchior Hoffman (or Hofmann) (c. 1495–1543) was an Anabaptist prophet and a visionary leader in northern Germany and the Netherlands. Contents 1 Life …   Wikipedia

  • HOFMANN (M.) — HOFMANN MELCHIOR (1495 env. 1543) Propagandiste de la foi anabaptiste, Melchior Hofmann appartient à cette génération de prophètes engendrés par la Réforme que leur exégèse personnelle de la Bible et leur enthousiasme rendent suspects à toutes… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Melchior Hofmann — Melchior Hoffmann Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hoffmann. Georg Melchior Hoffmann (aussi Hofmann) est un compositeur allemand né en 1679 ou en 1685 (selon les sources) à Scheibenberg et mort en 1715. Sommaire 1 Vie 2 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Melchior — ist ein männlicher Vorname, der vor allem dadurch bekannt wurde, dass einer der Heiligen drei Könige bzw. „Weisen aus dem Morgenland“ in der kirchlichen Tradition seit dem 6. Jahrhundert diesen Namen trägt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Bedeutung und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hofmann — Hofmann, 1) August Konrad, Freiherr von, hess. Staatsmann, geb. 28. April 1776 zu Nidda in Oberhessen, gest. 9. Ang. 1841, studierte die Rechte, wurde 1820 Geheimer Staatsrat im Departement der Finanzen, nach Grolmanns Tod (1829) Präsident des… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hofmann — Verteilung des Namens Hofmann in Deutschland Hofmann ist ein deutscher Familienname. Varianten Hofman, weitere siehe Hoffmann Bekannte Namensträger …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melchior Hoffmann — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Hoffmann. Pour l anabaptiste, voir Melchior Hoffman. Melchior Hoffmann …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Melchior Hoffmann — Georg Melchior Hoffmann (auch: Hofmann; * um 1679 in Bärenstein (Osterzgebirge)[1] , nach anderen Angaben 1685 in Scheibenberg; † 1715), war ein deutscher Komponist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.