Hoar, Ebenezer R.

▪ American politician
in full  Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar  
born Feb. 21, 1816, Concord, Mass., U.S.
died Jan. 31, 1895, Concord
 American politician, a leading antislavery Whig in Massachusetts who was briefly attorney general in President Ulysses S. Grant (Grant, Ulysses S.)'s administration.

      Born into a distinguished New England family, Hoar graduated from Harvard College (1835) and Harvard Law School (1839). His entry into private legal practice was followed by a rapid rise to prominence, and his outspoken opposition to slavery made him a leading public figure in his home state.

      By the mid-1840s, Hoar was an antislavery Whig member of the state senate. It was there that he described himself as a “Conscience Whig,” in contrast to the proslavery “Cotton Whigs.” These designations were henceforth widely used, and Hoar became a recognized spokesman of the Conscience Whigs. As such, he opposed the Whigs' nomination of Zachary Taylor for president in 1848, and he was instrumental in the formation of the Free Soil and Republican parties in Massachusetts when the Whig Party declined.

      Made a judge of the Court of Common Pleas in 1849, Hoar remained at that post until returning to private legal practice in 1855. In 1859 he became an associate justice of the Massachusetts Supreme Court, a position that he held until 1869, when President Grant appointed him U.S. attorney general. His tenure was brief, however. He alienated the Senate when he insisted that nine newly created federal judgeships be filled according to merit rather than through patronage. As a consequence, the Senate refused to confirm Hoar when Grant nominated him for a seat on the U.S. Supreme Court. In 1870 Hoar resigned from Grant's cabinet.

      After serving one term in the House of Representatives (1873–75), Hoar was defeated in his try for a Senate seat in 1876. Thereafter, he refused to run again for public office. He did, however, remain active in the Republican Party and was a delegate to several Republican national conventions.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hoar, Ebenezer R(ockwood) — born Feb. 21, 1816, Concord, Mass., U.S. died Jan. 31, 1895, Concord U.S. politician. He graduated from Harvard College (1835) and Harvard Law School (1839). His outspoken opposition to slavery soon made him a leading public figure in his home… …   Universalium

  • Hoar, Ebenezer R(ockwood) — (21 feb. 1816, Concord, Mass., EE.UU.–31 ene. 1895, Concord). Político estadounidense. Se tituló en Harvard College (1835) y en la escuela de derecho de Harvard (1839). Su abierta oposición a la esclavitud pronto lo destacó como figura pública en …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar — Ebenezer R. Hoar Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar (* 21. Februar 1816 in Concord (Massachusetts); † 31. Januar 1895 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist, Politiker und Justizminister (Attorney General). Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ebenezer R. Hoar — Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar (* 21. Februar 1816 in Concord, Massachusetts; † 31. Januar 1895 ebenda) war ein US amerikanischer Jurist, Politiker und Justizminister (Attorney General) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ebenezer R. Hoar — Infobox US Cabinet official name=Ebenezer Rockwood Hoar order=31st title=United States Attorney General term start=March 5, 1869 term end=November 22, 1870 predecessor=William M. Evarts successor=Amos T. Akerman birth date=birth date|1816|2|21|mf …   Wikipedia

  • Hoar (disambiguation) — Hoar is a fictional Faerûnian deity in Dungeons Dragons .Hoar may also refer to:* Depth hoar, a large crystal occurring at the base of a snowpack * Ebenezer R. Hoar (1816 1895), influential American politician and lawyer * George Frisbie Hoar… …   Wikipedia

  • Ebenezer — ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Ebenezer Ako Adjei (1916–2002), Politiker, Rechtsanwalt, Verleger und Journalist Ghanas Ebenezer Bryce (1830–1913), Namensgeber des Bryce Canyons Ebenezer Cook (* um 1667; † um 1732), englischer Dichter… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoar — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Ebenezer R. Hoar (1816–1895), US amerikanischer Politiker und Justizminister Joseph P. Hoar (* 1934), General des US Marine Corps; Kommandeur des US Central Command Melissa Hoar (* 1983), australische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hoar, George Frisbie — born Aug. 29, 1826, Concord, Mass., U.S. died Sept. 30, 1904, Worcester, Mass. U.S. politician. He graduated from Harvard College (1846) and Harvard Law School (1849) and then went into private law practice in Worcester. He was an early supporter …   Universalium

  • Hoar, George Frisbie — (29 ago. 1826, Concord, Mass., EE.UU.–30 sep. 1904, Worcester). Político estadounidense. Se tituló en el Harvard College (1846) y en la escuela de derecho de Harvard (1849), y luego ejerció la profesión en Worcester. Fue uno de los primeros… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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