Hittite language

      most important of the extinct Indo-European languages of ancient Anatolia. Hittite was closely related to Carian (Carian language), Luwian (Luwian language), Lydian (Lydian language), Lycian (Lycian language), and Palaic (Palaic language) (see also Anatolian languages).

      Hittite is known primarily from the approximately 30,000 cuneiform tablets or fragments of tablets preserved in the archives of the Hittite capital city, Hattusa (near the modern town of Boğazkale, formerly Boğazköy, Tur.), and various provincial centres; the majority of the tablets are from the period of the Hittite empire (c. 1400–c. 1180 BCE). Texts in Old Hittite, a form of the language used between approximately 1650 and 1500 BCE, are mostly preserved in copies made during the empire period; these texts preserve the earliest examples of an Indo-European language that have thus far been found.

      Bedřich Hrozný (Hrozný, Bedřich), an archaeologist and linguist, concluded in 1915 that Hittite was an Indo-European language because of the similarity of its endings for nouns and verbs to those of other early Indo-European languages. Hittite has provided significant information about the early Indo-European sound system and the structure of the Proto-Indo-European parent language.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Hittite — may refer to:*the Hittites, an ancient Anatolian people. *the Neo Hittite states, Iron Age successors to the Hittite people located in modern Turkey and Syria. *the Hittite language, an ancient Indo European language. *Biblical Hittites, also… …   Wikipedia

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  • Hittite texts — The corpus of texts written in the Hittite language is indexed by the Catalogue des Textes Hittites (CTH, since 1971, edited by Emmanuel Laroche). Studies of selected texts are published in the StBoT series.The CTH numbering is arranged as… …   Wikipedia

  • Hittite — 1. noun a) A person of the Hittite Kingdom, a Bronze Age kingdom of Anatolia. b) An ancient Indo European language of the Anatolian branch, attested from the 16th century BC until the 13th century BC. 2. adjective a) Of or relating …   Wiktionary

  • Hittite — [hit′īt΄] n. [Heb Ḥittī (< Hittite ḥatti) + ITE1] 1. any of an ancient people of Asia Minor and Syria (fl. 1700 700 B.C. ) 2. the language of the Hittites, now extinct and considered by most authorities to be associated with Indo European: it… …   English World dictionary

  • Hittite — /hit uyt/, n. 1. a member of an ancient people who established a powerful empire in Asia Minor and Syria, dominant from about 1900 to 1200 B.C. 2. an extinct language of the Anatolian branch of Indo European, preserved in cuneiform inscriptions… …   Universalium

  • Hittite — Hit•tite [[t]ˈhɪt aɪt[/t]] n. 1) peo a member of a people of central Anatolia who were a significant power in Anatolia and Syria from c1900 to c1200 b.c. 2) peo their extinct Indo European language, written in a cuneiform syllabary 3) anh peo of… …   From formal English to slang

  • hittite hieroglyph — noun Usage: usually capitalized 1st H 1. hittite hieroglyphs plural : a system of writing known from inscriptions from Asia Minor and especially northern Syria dating from about 1500 B.C. to about 600 B.C. and composed of pictorial symbols partly …   Useful english dictionary

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