Hirsch, Samuel

▪ American religious philosopher and rabbi
born June 8, 1815, Thalfang, near Trier, Prussia [Germany]
died May 14, 1889, Chicago, Ill., U.S.

      religious philosopher, rabbi, and a leading advocate of radical Reform Judaism. He was among the first to propose holding Jewish services on Sunday.

      Educated at the universities of Bonn, Berlin, and Leipzig, Hirsch became rabbi at Dessau in 1838 but was forced to resign (1841) because of his views. From 1843 to 1866 he served as chief rabbi of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Called to Philadelphia in 1866 to succeed David Einhorn as head of the Reform Congregation Keneseth Israel, he remained in that position for 22 years. He was elected president of the rabbinical conference held in Philadelphia in 1869 and in that capacity helped formulate the principles of Reform Judaism. The conference proclaimed that the dispersal of the Jews was part of a divine plan to lead all nations of the world to the true knowledge and worship of God. For Hirsch, Judaism was not law but Lehre (“doctrine”), which was expressed in symbolic ceremonies that should change as needs require. His most ambitious work, Religionsphilosophie der Juden, 2 vol. (1842), rejected Hegel's view that Judaism had no right to place itself in the ranks of “absolute religions.”

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • HIRSCH, SAMUEL — (1815–1889), rabbi, philosopher of Judaism, and pioneer of the Reform movement in Germany and the United States. Samuel Hirsch belonged to the first generation of modern European rabbis who, combining traditional Jewish learning with university… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Hirsch, Samuel — (1815 89)    American Reform rabbi. He was born in Prussia. He served as a rabbi in Dessau and as chief rabbi of Luxembourg before emigrating to the US; there he became rabbi of the Reform congregation Keneseth Israel in Philadelphia. In his Die… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Samuel Hirsch — (* 8. Juni 1815 in Thalfang bei Trier; † 14. Mai 1889 in Chicago) war Rabbiner, Religionsphilosoph und Vertreter des Reformjudentums zunächst in Deutschland, dann in den USA. Er studierte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuel Holdheim — (né en 1806, décédé en 1860) fut un des initiateurs importants du judaïsme réformé en Allemagne. Les excès de son réformisme attirèrent de nombreuses critiques, dont celles de Samson Raphael Hirsch. Sommaire 1 L école critique historique 2… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Samuel Hirsch Margulies — Dr., (1858, Berezhany, western Ukraine March 12, 1922) Jewish rabbi and scholar. He was born in Berezhany, western Ukraine (then mainly Polish speaking town with mixed Polish, Ukrainian and Jewish population in the kingdom of Galicia of Austro… …   Wikipedia

  • HIRSCH, EMIL GUSTAVE — (1851–1923), U.S. rabbi, scholar, and civic leader. Hirsch was born in Luxembourg and went to the United States in 1866 when his father, Samuel hirsch , the chief rabbi of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, served a Reform congregation in… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Samuel Holdheim — (1806 ndash; 22 August 1860) was a German rabbi and author, and one of the more extreme leaders of the early Reform Judaism movement. Although Holdheim was a pioneer in modern Jewish homiletics, he was often at odds with the Orthodoxy. [(History… …   Wikipedia

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