Hertzsprung, Ejnar

▪ Danish astronomer

born Oct. 8, 1873, Frederiksberg, near Copenhagen
died Oct. 21, 1967, Roskilde, Den.
 Danish astronomer who classified types of stars by relating their colour to their absolute brightness—an accomplishment of fundamental importance to modern astronomy. The Hertzsprung–Russell diagram of stellar types was named (in part) for him. In 1913 he established the luminosity scale of Cepheid variable stars, a tool for measurement of intergalactic distances.

      He had no formal education in astronomy but studied in technological colleges in Denmark and became a chemical engineer. Keenly interested in the chemistry of photography, he turned to astronomy in 1902, working in small Danish observatories, where he applied photography to the measurement of starlight. In two papers, published in 1905 and 1907, he showed that a relationship exists between the colours of the stars and their true brightness and that giant and dwarf stars must exist. The correlation of colour with true brightness became the basis of a widely used method of deducing the so-called spectroscopic parallaxes of stars (estimates of their distances from the Earth). Because the spectrum of a star is a reliable index of its absolute magnitude, its distance can be inferred from the known relationship between the apparent and absolute magnitudes. This work so impressed Karl Schwarzschild, director of the observatory at Potsdam, that he found a place for Hertzsprung on the staff at Göttingen Observatory (1909) and later the same year as a senior astronomer at Potsdam. Hertzsprung was appointed assistant director of the university observatory at Leiden, The Netherlands, in 1919 and became director in 1935. He retired in 1945 and returned to Denmark.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Hertzsprung — (Ejnar) (1873 1967) astronome danois. || ASTRO Diagramme de Hertzsprung Russell (par abrév. H. R.): diagramme sur lequel on porte en abscisse le type spectral d une étoile (ou sa température de surface) et en ordonnée sa magnitude absolue, pour… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Hertzsprung (Asteroid) — Asteroid (1693) Hertzsprung Eigenschaften des Orbits (Simulation) Orbittyp Hauptgürtelasteroid Große Halbachse 2,8007  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hertzsprung–Russell diagram — ▪ astronomy  in astronomy, graph in which the absolute magnitudes (intrinsic brightness) of stars are plotted against their spectral types. Of great importance to theories of stellar evolution, it evolved from charts begun in 1911 by the Danish… …   Universalium

  • Ejnar Hertzsprung — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Diagrama de Hertzsprung Russell. Ejnar Hertzsprung (8 de octubre de 1873, Copenhague – 21 de octubre de 1967, Roskilde) fue un astrónomo danés, que tamb …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ejnar Hertzsprung — (* 8. Oktober 1873 in Frederiksborg; † 21. Oktober 1967 in Tølløse, im heutigen Vestsjællands Amt) war ein dänischer Astronom. Leben und Werk Nach einem 1898 abgeschlossenen Chemiestudium arbeitete Hertzsprung mehrere Jahre in Sankt Petersburg.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ejnar Hertzsprung — (October 8, 1873, Copenhagen ndash; October 21, 1967, Roskilde) was a Danish chemist and astronomer.In the period 1911 1913 with Henry Norris Russell, he developed the Hertzsprung Russell diagram.In 1913 he determined the distances to several… …   Wikipedia

  • Hertzsprung–Russell diagram — Hertzsprung–Russell diagram[1] with 22,000 stars plotted from the Hipparcos catalog and 1,000 from the Gliese catalog of nearby stars. Stars tend to fall only into certain regions of the diagram. The most predominant is the diagonal, going from… …   Wikipedia

  • Hertzsprung — bezeichnet: Hertzsprung (Mondkrater) (1693) Hertzsprung, Asteroid des Hauptgürtels und ist der Familienname von: Ejnar Hertzsprung (1873–1967), dänischer Astronom Severin Hertzsprung (1839–1893), dänischer Schachspieler Siehe auch: Herzsprung,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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