Hecataeus of Miletus

▪ Greek author
flourished early 5th century BC, Ionia [now in Turkey]
 
 groundbreaking Greek author of an early history (historiography) and geography. When the Persian Empire ruled Asia Minor, Hecataeus tried to dissuade the Ionians from revolt against Persia (500 BC), and in 494, when they were obliged to sue for terms, he was one of the ambassadors to the Persian satrap, whom he persuaded to restore the constitution of the Ionic cities. He was presumably mature by this time; such tasks were not entrusted to young men.

      One of Hecataeus's two known works, the Genealogia (also known as Historiai or Heroologia), seems to have been a systematic account in four books of the traditions and mythology of the Greeks, but comparatively few fragments of it survive. More than 300 fragments (most of them place names), however, remain of the Periodos gēs or Periēgēsis (“Tour Round the World”); it was written in two parts—one covering Europe, the other “Asia” (which included Egypt and North Africa). The work describes the peoples who would be met in voyages around the Mediterranean and Black seas, in a clockwise direction, beginning with the Strait of Gibraltar and ending at Morocco. In diversions he also mentions Scythia, Persia, India, Egypt, and Nubia.

      Hecataeus was in general the pioneer in those geographic and ethnographic fields that remained attractive to the Greek historians. His work was used freely by the 5th-century-BC historian Herodotus, who acknowledged it only when he found occasion to complain. That Hecataeus's literary style was good, though simple, was allowed by the 1st-century-BC rhetorician Dionysius of Halicarnassus and other critics.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hecataeus of Miletus — (c. 550 ndash;c. 476 BC), named after the Greek goddess Hecate, was a Greek philosopher of a wealthy family. He flourished during the time of the Persian invasion. After having travelled extensively, he settled in his native city, where he… …   Wikipedia

  • Hecataeus — (Ἑκαταῖος) is a Greek name shared by several historical figures:* Hecataeus of Miletus (ca. 500 BC) historian * Hecataeus of Abdera (ca. 300 BC) philosopher and historian * Hecataeus of Eretria (ca. 300 BC) historian *Hecataeus of Mytilene (ca.… …   Wikipedia

  • Hecataeus of Abdera — See Hecataeus of Miletus for the earlier historian. Hecataeus of Abdera (or of Teos) was a Greek historian and sceptic philosopher who flourished in the 4th century BC.Diogenes Laertius (ix.61) relates that he was a student of Pyrrho, along with… …   Wikipedia

  • Miletus — This article is about the ancient city of Anatolia. For other uses, see Miletus (disambiguation). Miletus Μίλητος   Ancient Polis   Turkish transcription(s)  – Modern name Milet …   Wikipedia

  • Hecataeus (crater) — lunar crater data caption=Hecataeus (center) and Humboldt (lower right) from Apollo 15. NASA photo . latitude=21.8 N or S=S longitude=79.4 E or W=E diameter=167 km depth= Unknown colong=283 eponym=Hecataeus of MiletusHecataeus is a large lunar… …   Wikipedia

  • Miletus — /muy lee teuhs/, n. 1. Class. Myth. a son of Apollo and Aria, and the founder of the city of Miletus. 2. an ancient city in Asia Minor, on the Aegean. * * * Ancient Greek city of western Anatolia. Before 500 BC it was the greatest Greek city in… …   Universalium

  • ancient Greek civilization — ▪ historical region, Eurasia Introduction       the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended in about 1200 BC, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific… …   Universalium

  • History of cartography — The Fra Mauro map, one of the greatest memorial of medieval cartography, was made around 1450 by the Venetian monk Fra Mauro. It is a circular world map drawn on parchment and set in a wooden frame, about two meters in diameter Cartography (from… …   Wikipedia

  • Early world maps — Ptolemy s world map (2nd century) in a 15th century reconstruction Early world maps cover depictions of the world from the Iron Age to the Age of Discovery and the emergence of modern geography during the early modern period …   Wikipedia

  • List of Greeks — This is a list of Greek people. Actors/actressesAncient period*Metrobius *ThespisModern period*Alekos Alexandrakis *Criss Angel *Jennifer Aniston *Yannis Bezos *Michael Chiklis *Cybele *Georges Corraface *Jacques Damala *Rika Diallina *Lavrentis… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.