Hayes, Isaac Israel

▪ American explorer
born March 5, 1832, Chester county, Pa., U.S.
died Dec. 17, 1881, New York, N.Y.
 American physician and Arctic explorer who sought to prove the existence of open seas around the North Pole.

      After receiving his M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania (1853), Hayes volunteered to serve as surgeon with Elisha Kent Kane's (Kane, Elisha Kent) Arctic expedition, which planned to search for Sir John Franklin, the English explorer whose ships were lost in the Canadian Arctic in 1845. On May 31, 1853, Kane's expedition sailed from New York City on the Advance. It spent the following winter icebound in Kane Basin off northwestern Greenland. During this time Hayes made several expeditions to nearby Ellesmere Island in the Canadian North, where in May 1854 he explored the region known as Grinnell Land. His attempt to reach the west coast of Greenland at Upernavik (August 1854) became the subject of his book, An Arctic Boat Journey (1860).

      Commanding the schooner United States, Hayes sailed again for the Arctic in July 1860. He wintered somewhat south of the point where the Advance had been icebound and in the spring of 1861 began to sledge northward. It is almost certain that he reached only slightly beyond 80° N, and the “open polar sea” that he believed he observed was, in actuality, Kennedy Channel, which separates Greenland from Ellesmere Island. He made a third voyage to the Arctic in 1869. His observations from that venture were detailed in The Land of Desolation (1871, 1872).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • HAYES, ISAAC ISRAEL — (1832–1881), U.S. explorer. Born in Chester, Pennsylvania, Hayes volunteered in 1853 as ship s surgeon on Kane s expedition to the North Pole in search of Sir John Franklin. His ship was icebound in Kane s Basin for two years, during which time… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • HAYES, ISAAC ISRAEL —    Arctic explorer, born in Pennsylvania; after graduating in medicine, joined the Kane expedition in search of Franklin in 1853, and subsequently made two other voyages to the Arctic regions, accounts of which are given in his An Arctic Boat… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Isaac Israel Hayes — Isaac I. Hayes (Retrato de Mathew B. Brady, hacia 1860 75) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isaac Israel Hayes — Infobox Person name = Isaac Israel Hayes nationality = USA caption = Isaac I. Hayes portrait by Mathew B. Brady, circa 1860 1875 birth date = March 5, 1832 birth place = Chester County, Pennsylvania, USA death date = death date and… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Israel Hayes — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Isaac Hayes. Isaac Israel Hayes. Isaac Israel Hayes (né le 5 mars 1832 dans le Com …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Isaac Israel Hayes — Isaac Israel Hayes, ca. 1860 1875 Isaac Israel Hayes (* 5. März 1832 im Chester County, Pennsylvania; † 17. Dezember 1881 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Arzt und Polarforscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Israel (Personenname) — Israel ist ein hebräischer Familienname und männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Bedeutung 2 Bekannte Namensträger 2.1 Vorname 2.2 Familienname 2.3 Künstlername …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hayes (surname) — This article is about the surname Hayes. For other uses, see Hayes (disambiguation). Hayes Family name Region of origin England, Ireland, Scotland Language(s) of origin English Related names Hay, Haye, Hays, Heas, Heyes, Highes, O Hea, Hease,… …   Wikipedia

  • Hayes (Familienname) — Hayes ist ein Familienname. Bekannte Namensträger Inhaltsverzeichnis A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Hayes — puede hacer referencia a: Contenido 1 Lugares 2 Personas 3 Personajes de ficción 4 Otros Lugares H …   Wikipedia Español

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