Halsted, William Stewart

▪ American surgeon

born Sept. 23, 1852, New York, N.Y., U.S.
died Sept. 7, 1922, Baltimore, Md.
 American pioneer of scientific surgery who established at Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, the first surgical school in the United States.

      After graduating in 1877 from the College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York City, Halsted studied for two years in Europe, mainly in Vienna, under the noted German surgeon Theodor Billroth. Returning to New York, Halsted quickly built a successful practice that demanded his services at six hospitals. In 1881, he discovered that blood, once aerated, could be reinfused into a patient's body.

      By self-experimentation he developed (1885) conduction, or block, anesthesia (the production of insensibility of a part by interrupting the conduction of a sensory nerve leading to that region of the body), brought about by injecting cocaine into nerve trunks. He fell into a drug addiction that required two years to cure. Halsted continued his research at Johns Hopkins, where he developed original operations for hernia, breast cancer, goitre, aneurysms, and intestinal and gallbladder diseases.

      An early champion of aseptic procedures, Halsted introduced (1890) the use of thin rubber gloves that do not impede the delicate touch demanded by surgery. By ensuring completely sterile conditions in the operating room, Halsted's gloves allowed surgical access to all parts of the body. His emphasis on the maintenance of complete homeostasis, or balanced body metabolism, during surgical operations, gentleness in handling living tissue, accurate realignment of severed tissues, and his creation of hospital residencies in training surgeons did much to advance surgery in the United States.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Halsted, William Stewart — SUBJECT AREA: Medical technology [br] b. 23 September 1852 Baltimore, Maryland, USA d. 7 September 1922 Baltimore, Maryland, USA [br] American surgeon, originator of the surgical use of rubber gloves and silk ligatures. [br] After education at… …   Biographical history of technology

  • William Stewart Halstedt — William Stewart Halsted William Stewart Halsted (* 23. September 1852 in New York City; † 7. September 1922 in Baltimore) war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg. Er studierte Medizin in New York und hielt sich anschließend zwei Jahre in Europa auf.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Stewart Halsted — (* 23. September 1852 in New York City; † 7. September 1922 in Baltimore) war ein US amerikanischer Chirurg. Er studierte Medizin in New York und hielt sich anschließend zwei Jahre in Europa auf. Seit 1880 war er in New York als Chirurg tätig.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Stewart Halsted — Infobox Scientist name = William Stewart Halsted box width =300px image width =250px caption = William Stewart Halsted birth date = September 23 1852 birth place = New York City death date = September 7 1922 death place = residence = citizenship …   Wikipedia

  • Halsted radical mastectomy — Hal·sted radical mastectomy hal .sted n RADICAL MASTECTOMY called also Halsted radical Halsted William Stewart (1852 1922) American surgeon. Halsted served for many years as professor of surgery and surgeon in chief at Johns Hopkins Medical… …   Medical dictionary

  • Stewart — /stooh euhrt, styooh /, n. 1. Also, Stuart. See Darnley, Lord Henry. 2. Dugald /dooh geuhld, dyooh /, 1753 1828, Scottish philosopher. 3. James Maitland (Jimmy), 1908 97, U.S. actor. 4. Potter, 1915 85, U.S. jurist: associate justice of the U.S.… …   Universalium

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • Halsted — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: George Bruce Halsted (1853–1922), amerikanischer Mathematiker William Stewart Halsted (1852–1922), amerikanischer Chirurg Halsted steht für: Halsted (Texas), Ort in den USA Halsted (Dänemark), Gemeinde in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Halsted — as a surname may refer to:* Anna Roosevelt Halsted (1906–1975), first child of Franklin Delano Roosevelt * Byron Halsted (1852–1918), American biologist and educator * George Bruce Halsted (1853–1922), American mathematician * William Stewart… …   Wikipedia

  • Stewart — Stewart, Jacky Stewart, James * * * (as used in expressions) Allen Stewart Konigsberg Bluford, Guion S(tewart), Jr. Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, vizconde Chamberlain, Houston Stewart Darnley, Henry Stewart, Lord Stuart, Stewart Halsted, William… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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