Guyot, Arnold Henry

▪ American geologist
born , Sept. 28, 1807, Boudevilliers, near Neuchâtel, Switz.
died Feb. 8, 1884, Princeton, N.J., U.S.

      Swiss-born American geologist, geographer, and educator whose extensive meteorological observations led to the founding of the U.S. Weather Bureau. The guyot, a flat-topped volcanic peak rising from the ocean floor, is named after him.

      He studied at the College of Neuchâtel and in Germany, taught at Paris from 1835 to 1840, and became professor of history and physical geography at the Neuchâtel Academy in 1839. In 1838, under the influence of the famed naturalist-geologist Louis Agassiz, he took up the study of the structure and motion of glaciers.

      In 1848 Guyot settled in Cambridge, Mass., and until 1854 lectured on geography and teaching methods for the Massachusetts Board of Education. He wrote a series of geography textbooks that served as models of the kind used in American schools for many years. In 1854 he became professor of geology and physical geography at Princeton University. Guyot developed topographical maps of the Appalachian and Catskill mountains. His published works include The Earth and Man (Eng. trans., 1849); Creation, or the Biblical Cosmogony in the Light of Modern Science (1884); and Tables, Meteorological and Physical (4th ed., 1887).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Guyot , Arnold Henry — (1807–1884) Swiss–American geologist and geographer Intending to enter the Church, Guyot, who was born at Boudevilliers in Switzerland, studied at the universities of Neuchâtel, Strasbourg, and Berlin, where his interests in science began to… …   Scientists

  • Arnold Henry Guyot — Arnold Henri Guyot Arnold Henri Guyot (* 28. September 1807 in Boudevilliers, bei Neuchâtel, Schweiz; † 8. Februar 1884 in Princeton, USA) war ein schweizerisch US amerikanischer Naturforscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arnold Henry Guyot — Arnold Henri Guyot Arnold Henri Guyot Arnold Henri Guyot[1], né à Boudevilliers près de Neuchâtel le 28 septembre 1807 et mort aux États U …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Arnold Henry Guyot — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image size =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = September 28, 1807 birth place = Boudevilliers, Switzerland death date = February 8, 1884 death place = residence = citizenship = American nationality …   Wikipedia

  • Arnold H. Guyot — Arnold Henri Guyot Arnold Henri Guyot Arnold Henri Guyot[1], né à Boudevilliers près de Neuchâtel le 28 septembre 1807 et mort aux États U …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guyot Glacier — is a 19 mile long (31 km) and 8 mile wide (13 km) glacier located in the east end of the Robinson Mountains in the U.S. state of Alaska. It begins 2.5 miles (4 km) north of Yaga Peak and heads east southeast to Icy Bay, south of the Guyot Hills… …   Wikipedia

  • Guyot —   [gɥi jo; nach dem schweizerisch amerikanischen Geologen Arnold Henry Guyot, * 1807, ✝ 1884], untermeerische Kuppe vulkanischer Entstehung, mit ebenem Gipfelplateau, z. B. die Große Meteorbank.   * * * Gu|yot [gy̆i jo:], der; s, s [nach dem… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Guyot — (spr. gijo), 1) Arnold Henry, Geograph und Physiker, geb. 28. Sept. 1807 in Neuchâtel (Schweiz), gest. 30. Jan. 1884 in Princeton (New Jersey), studierte seit 1833 zu Berlin Theologie, daneben Naturwissenschaft, lebte seit 1835 in Paris und auf… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arnold Henri Guyot — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Guyot. Arnold Henri Guyot Arnold Henri Guyot[1] …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Guyot — For the French viticulturist, see Jules Guyot. For the Old French name, see Guiot. A guyot, also known as a tablemount, is a flat topped seamount. Guyots are most commonly found in the Pacific Ocean. Guyots show evidence of having been above the… …   Wikipedia

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