Gronchi, Giovanni

▪ president of Italy
born Sept. 10, 1887, Pontedera, Italy
died Oct. 17, 1978, Rome

      Christian Democrat politician who served as president of Italy from 1955 to 1962.

      Gronchi graduated from the University of Pisa and, after World War I, helped found the Popular Party, a Catholic party. Elected a deputy (1919), he was undersecretary of industry and commerce when he became a leader in the Aventine secession (1924), which opposed the Fascist leader Benito Mussolini and formed an opposition rump parliament. When this body was suppressed, Gronchi retired from political life.

      After World War II he was again a deputy and served as minister of commerce and industry in four cabinets (1944–46). Later he was elected to the Constitutional Assembly (1946) and to the Chamber of Deputies (1948), of which he became the speaker.

      In the presidency, primarily a figurehead position, he was much-criticized for interfering in diplomacy as well as domestic affairs. He made many state visits, including a trip to the Soviet Union (1960), which he visited in spite of church opposition.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Gronchi, Giovanni — ► (1887 1978) Político italiano. Fue presidente de la República en 1955 62 …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Giovanni Gronchi — (* 10. September 1887 in Pontedera; † 17. Oktober 1978) war der dritte Präsident der Republik Italien von 1955 bis 1962. Gronchi war von 1948 bis 1955 Präsident des italienischen Abgeordnetenhauses und wurde am 29. April 1955 zum Präsidenten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gronchi — Giovanni Gronchi (* 10. September 1887 in Pontedera; † 17. Oktober 1978) war der dritte Präsident der Republik Italien von 1955 bis 1962. Gronchi war von 1948 bis 1955 Präsident des italienischen Abgeordnetenhauses und wurde am 29. April 1955 zum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gronchi —   [ groȖki], Giovanni, italienischer Politiker, * Pontedera (Provinz Pisa) 10. 9. 1887, ✝ Rom 17. 10. 1978; vor dem Ersten Weltkrieg Mitgründer, seit 1919 Leiter der katholischen Gewerkschaftsorganisation, 1919 26 Abgeordneter, war 1919… …   Universal-Lexikon

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