Gordon, Patrick

▪ Scottish mercenary
born , March 31, 1635, Auchleuchries, Aberdeen, Scot.
died Nov. 29 [Dec. 9, New Style], 1699, Moscow, Russia

      Scottish soldier of fortune who became a general in the Russian army and a close friend of Peter I the Great of Russia (reigned 1682–1725).

      Having left Scotland, which was torn by religious and political strife, Gordon went to Danzig (now Gdańsk) in Poland and studied at the Jesuit College at Braniewo (Braunsberg) for two years (1651–53). When a Polish-Swedish war broke out in 1655, he became a mercenary and fought on different occasions for both sides.

      In 1661 Gordon entered the Russian army as a major, and, after suppressing the Moscow riots of 1663, he was promoted to the rank of colonel. In 1666 Tsar Alexis sent him as an envoy to England, but he failed to complete his mission satisfactorily and lost the tsar's favour. Despite his efforts to leave the Russian service, his position improved with succeeding regimes, particularly after he heroically defended Chigirin (located in Ukraine), which was besieged by the Turks in 1678.

      After Sophia Alekseyevna became regent for Peter I and Ivan V (1682), Gordon again went on a diplomatic mission to England (1686–87). Upon his return he warned Sophia and her chief adviser, Prince Vasily Golitsyn (Golitsyn, Vasily Vasilyevich, Knyaz), against joining an anti-Turk European alliance and waging war against the Turks' vassals, the Crimean Tatars. He was overruled, however, and in 1687 he joined Golitsyn in his first unsuccessful Crimean expedition. Promoted to the rank of general, Gordon served as quartermaster general in the second Crimean campaign (1689) and supplied Golitsyn with strategic advice. But when that campaign also failed and a political crisis developed, Gordon, commanding troops trained in the western European style, helped Peter I overthrow Sophia (1689).

      Subsequently, Gordon became a close collaborator of the young tsar, entertaining him, teaching him ballistic science, and also supervising the war-game maneuvers of Peter's specially trained troops. As a reward, Peter made Gordon a rear admiral (1694) and his chief military counselor. In 1698, when the streltsy (household troops) rebelled, hoping to restore Sophia to the throne while Peter was traveling in western Europe, Gordon crushed them in June of that year.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Patrick Gordon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gordon. Patrick Gordon, né en 1635, décédé le 29 novembre 1699, est un général de l Armée impériale russe d origine écossaise. Il était le plus jeune fils d une famille du comté d Aberdeen liée à la maison de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Patrick Gordon — (* 31. März 1635; † 29. November 1699) war ein schottischer General der russischen Armee. Patrick Gordon Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gordon Cunningham — Hollyoaks character Portrayed by Bernard Latham Created by Phil Redmond Duration 1995–2004, 2008 First appearance 23 October 1995 Last appearance 27 February 2008 Spin off appearances Hollyo …   Wikipedia

  • Gordon Pogoda — Background information Birth name Gordon Scott Pogoda …   Wikipedia

  • Gordon Rennie — Nationality Scottish Area(s) Writer Notable works Judge Dredd Caballistics, Inc. Necronauts …   Wikipedia

  • Patrick Gordon — Patrick Leopold Gordon (March 31, 1635 – November 29, 1699) was general of the Imperial Russian army, of Scottish origin. He was descended from a Scottish family of Aberdeenshire, holders of the small estate of Auchleuchries, who were connected… …   Wikipedia

  • Gordon Jackson (actor) — Gordon Jackson Gordon Jackson as Mr. Hudson in Upstairs, Downstairs Born 19 December 1923(1923 12 19) Glasgow, Scotland Died 15 Jan …   Wikipedia

  • Gordon Banks — (* 30. Dezember 1937 in Sheffield, England) ist ein ehemaliger englischer Fußballtorwart, der von der Statistikervereinigung IFFHS zum weltweit zweitbesten Torhüter des 20. Jahrhunderts gewählt wurde.[1] Sein größter Erfolg war 1966 der Gewinn… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Patrick Racing — was an auto racing team in both Champ Car and the Indy Racing League.Patrick Racing was started by Pat Patrick with the formation of CART in 1978. Patrick Racing would win three Indianapolis 500s and two CART championships, making it one of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Gordon D. Fox — 222nd Speaker of the Rhode Island House of Representatives Incumbent Assumed office February 11, 2010 Preceded by …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.