Goldberg, Arthur J.
▪ United States juristin full Arthur Joseph Goldbergborn Aug. 8, 1908, Chicago, Ill., U.S.died Jan. 19, 1990, Washington, D.C.labour lawyer who served as associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1962–65) and U.S. representative to the United Nations (1965–68).The son of Russian immigrants, Goldberg passed the Illinois bar examination at the age of 20, practiced law in Chicago from 1929 to 1948, and first gained national attention as counsel for the Chicago Newspaper Guild during its 1938 strike. In 1948 he went to Washington, D.C., as general counsel for the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) and the United Steelworkers of America. He was instrumental in merging the American Federation of Labor (AFL) and the CIO in 1955 and in expelling from the general labour movement various unions thought to be dominated by communists or racketeers.After brief but effective service as secretary of labour in 1961–62, Goldberg was appointed to the Supreme Court by President John F. Kennedy on Aug. 29, 1962. Goldberg's record on the court was generally that of a liberal activist. In a highly controversial case, Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478 (1964), he held that a criminal suspect must have the assistance of counsel when, prior to his indictment, he is interrogated by police for the purpose of eliciting a confession.On July 20, 1965, at President Lyndon B. Johnson's request, Goldberg relinquished his seat on the Supreme Court and became U.S. representative to the UN, with the rank of ambassador. His frustration at the continuing escalation of the Vietnam War prompted him to resign his UN post in 1968.In 1970 he was defeated as a candidate for governor of New York by the Republican incumbent, Nelson Rockefeller. In 1971 he returned to Washington, D.C., where he continued his legal practice. He also served in international arbitration cases and, in 1977 and 1978, during the Jimmy Carter administration, twice acted as ambassador-at-large. In his final years he was engaged in human-rights projects.
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Goldberg, Arthur — (1908 90) American labour lawyer. Born in Chicago, he was a labour lawyer there. During World War II he was the head of the labour section of the office of strategic services. Subsequently he served as secretary of labour (1961 2) and was… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
GOLDBERG, ARTHUR JOSEPH — (1908–1990), U.S. labor lawyer, secretary of labor, Supreme Court justice, and ambassador to the United Nations. Goldberg, who was born in Chicago, was the youngest of 11 children. After graduating from Northwestern University Law School (1929)… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Goldberg, Arthur Joseph — (b. 1908) US labour lawyer, Supreme Court judge and diplomat. In the 1930s, Goldberg gained a national reputation as a labour lawyer in his home city of Chicago. During World War II, he headed the labour section of the Office of Strategic… … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
Goldberg,Arthur Joseph — Gold·berg (gōldʹbərg), Arthur Joseph. 1908 1990. American jurist who served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1962 1965) and a representative to the United Nations (1965 1968). * * * … Universalium
Goldberg, Arthur J(oseph) — born Aug. 8, 1908, Chicago, Ill., U.S. died Jan. 19, 1990, Washington, D.C. U.S. jurist. After passing the Illinois bar examination at the age of 20, he practiced law in Chicago from 1929 to 1948. He first gained national attention as counsel for … Universalium
Goldberg, Arthur J(oseph) — (8 ago. 1908, Chicago, Ill., EE.UU.–19 ene. 1990, Washington, D.C.). Jurista estadounidense. A los 20 años de edad pasó el examen para titularse de abogado en Illinois y ejerció la profesión en Chicago entre 1929 y 1948. Se dio a conocer en el… … Enciclopedia Universal
Arthur Goldberg — Arthur Joseph Goldberg (* 8. August 1908 in Chicago, Illinois; † um den 19. Januar 1990 in Washington D.C.) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker, Jurist und Diplomat … Deutsch Wikipedia
Arthur Lee Maye — (* 11. Dezember 1934 in Tuscaloosa, Alabama; † 17. Juli 2002 in Riverside, Kalifornien), auch Lee Maye genannt, war ein amerikanischer Doo Wop Sänger und Baseballspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Karriere 1.1 Highschool Bands und erste Aufnahmen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Arthur Goldberg — Infobox Judge name = Arthur Goldberg imagesize = caption = office = Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court termstart = October 1 1962 termend = July 25 1965 nominator = John F. Kennedy appointer = predecessor = Felix Frankfurter… … Wikipedia
Arthur — /ahr theuhr/, n. 1. Chester Alan, 1830 86, 21st president of the U.S. 1881 85. 2. legendary king in ancient Britain: leader of the Knights of the Round Table. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Port Arthur Adamov Arthur Arthur s … Universalium