Glackens, William J.

▪ American painter
in full  William James Glackens 
born March 13, 1870, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.
died May 22, 1938, Westport, Connecticut

      American artist whose paintings of street scenes and middle-class urban life rejected the dictates of 19th-century academic art and introduced a matter-of-fact realism into the art of the United States.

      Glackens studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts and at the same time worked as an illustrator for the Philadelphia Record, the Public Ledger, and The Philadelphia Press. In 1895 he spent a year in Paris and then settled in New York City, where he worked as an illustrator for The New York Herald and the New York World. He went to Cuba in 1898 to cover the Spanish-American War for McClure's Magazine. While establishing his reputation as a graphic artist, Glackens also began to paint in oils and was a regular participant in the Pennsylvania Academy's annual exhibitions. Hammerstein's Roof Garden (1901), a cabaret scene, was his first important oil painting and was exhibited at the Allen Gallery in New York.

      Glackens joined a group of artists who were also interested in depicting contemporary life. Robert Henri (Henri, Robert), with whom Glackens had traveled to Paris in 1895, was the leader of this group, which included John Sloan (Sloan, John French), George Luks (Luks, George), and Everett Shinn, as well as the more romantic painters Ernest Lawson, Maurice Prendergast (Prendergast, Maurice Brazil), and Arthur B. Davies (Davies, Arthur B.). Known as The Eight (Eight, The), they held one memorable exhibition in 1908, but, because of diversity of viewpoints, they disbanded.

 Among Glackens's major early paintings, At Mouquin's (1905) shows a lively New York restaurant in a vivid and robust manner. Later, he became interested in Impressionism and was particularly influenced by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (Renoir, Pierre-Auguste). During the last two decades of his life, Glackens became a regular traveler to Europe, spending much of his time in Paris and the south of France. His extensive knowledge of European art trends made him an especially valuable adviser to the American collector Albert C. Barnes (Barnes, Albert C.).

Additional Reading
Ira Glackens, William Glackens and the Ashcan Group (1957); William H. Gerdts and Jorge H. Santis, William Glackens (1996).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Glackens,William James — Glack·ens (glăkʹənz), William James. 1870 1938. American painter noted for his realistic depictions of street life, such as Chez Mouquin (1905), and his later, brighter, impressionistic works. * * * …   Universalium

  • Glackens, William (James) — born March 13, 1870, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S. died May 22, 1938, Westport, Conn. U.S. painter. He worked as a newspaper illustrator in Philadelphia and later in New York City. In 1891 he met Robert Henri, and he subsequently became a member of The …   Universalium

  • Glackens, William (James) — (13 mar. 1870, Filadelfia, Pa., EE.UU.–22 may. 1938, Westport, Conn.). Pintor estadounidense. Trabajó como ilustrador de periódicos en Filadelfia y más tarde en la ciudad de Nueva York. En 1891 conoció a Robert Henri, y llegó a ser miembro del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • William Glackens — Nombre de nacimiento William James Glackens Nacimiento 13 de marzo de 1870 Filadelfia, Pennsylvan …   Wikipedia Español

  • Glackens — William Glackens (* 13. März 1870 in Philadelphia (Pennsylvania), † 22. Mai 1938 in Westport (Connecticut)) war ein US amerikanischer Maler. Leben und Werk Glackens, der als Illustrator bei der Philadelphia Press angestellt war, studierte eine… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • William Glackens — William James Glackens William James Glackens est un peintre américain né le 13 mars 1870 à Philadelphie en Pennsylvanie et décédé le 22 mars 1938 à Westport dans le Connecticut …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William James Glackens — est un peintre américain né le 13 mars 1870 à Philadelphie en Pennsylvanie et décédé le 22 mars 1938 à Westport dans le Connecticut. At Mouquin s (1905), collect …   Wikipédia en Français

  • William Glackens — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = William Glackens imagesize = caption = birthname = birthdate = Birth date|1870|03|13 location = Philadelphia, Pennsylvania deathdate = Death date and age|1938|05|22|1870|03|13 deathplace = Westport,… …   Wikipedia

  • William — /wil yeuhm/, n. 1. a word formerly used in communications to represent the letter W. 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning will and helmet. * * * (as used in expressions) Huddie William Ledbetter Aberhart William George William… …   Universalium

  • William — (as used in expressions) William Alexander Abbott Aberhart, William George William Russell Amis, Sir Kingsley (William) Ashley, William Henry Ashton, Sir Frederick (William Mallandaine) Barkley, Alben W(illiam) Bartram, William William Allen… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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