Gerizim, Mount

Arabic  Jabal Al-Ṭūr,  Hebrew  Har Gerizim 

      mountain located in the West Bank just south of Nāblus, near the site of biblical Shechem. In modern times it was incorporated as part of the British mandate of Palestine (1920–48) and subsequently as part of Jordan (1950–67). After 1967 it became part of the West Bank (territory known within Israel by its biblical names, Judaea and Samaria) under Israeli occupation. Rising to 2,890 feet (881 metres) above sea level, it is a twin of Mount Ebal (Arabic Jabal ʿAybāl, Hebrew Har ʿEval; 3,084 feet [940 metres]) to the north. Separating the two is a valley some 700 feet (210 metres) deep, through which passes one of the few east-west routes of the central Palestine hill country; the mountain was of strategic importance from remote antiquity. It is mentioned in the Old Testament as the site where God was to pronounce blessing on the Jewish people (the curse was placed on Mount Ebal; Deuteronomy 11:29). The ceremony was solemnly performed in Joshua's time (Joshua 8). The mountain is referred to in the Talmud (Talmud Torah), the normative rabbinic compendium of law and tradition, and in the writings of the Roman Jewish historian Flavius Josephus (Josephus, Flavius) (1st century CE).

      The Samaritans, a small Jewish sect, built a shrine there during the early Second Temple period (4th century BCE) and directed their prayers there instead of to Jerusalem. This sect, which exists in very small numbers, has altered all references in its Bible (consisting only of the Five Books of Moses) pertaining to Jerusalem, Zion, and others to refer instead to Mount Gerizim. The members of the group, who live chiefly on the mountain slopes and in adjacent Nāblus, still perform the sacrifice of the Paschal lamb on Passover according to literal biblical injunction; this ceremony attracts many tourists. Although the original Samaritan sanctuary was on the mountain's summit, the ceremony is now performed lower down on the slopes, because of the location of an ancient Muslim cemetery at the peak. The modern Arabic name is from the Samaritan Tura Berikha (“Mount of Blessing”).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GERIZIM, MOUNT — (Heb. הַר גְּרִזִּים), mountain in Ereẓ Israel, S. of Shechem. After crossing the Jordan River, the children of Israel were commanded to build a stone altar on Mt. Ebal, to engrave upon it all the words of this law (Deut. 27:4–8), and to set the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Mount Gerizim — Old view of Mount Gerizim Mount Gerizim (Samaritan Hebrew Ar garízim, Arabic جبل جرزيم Jabal Jarizīm, Tiberian Hebrew הַר גְּרִזִּים Har Gərizzîm, Standard Hebrew הַר גְּרִיזִּים Har Gərizzim) is one of the two mountains in the immediate vicinity …   Wikipedia

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  • Gerizim —    A mountain of Samaria, about 3,000 feet above the Mediterranean. It was on the left of the valley containing the ancient town of Shechem (q.v.), on the way to Jerusalem. It stood over against Mount Ebal, the summits of these mountains being… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Biblical Mount Sinai — The Biblical Mount Sinai is an ambiguously located mountain at which the Hebrew Bible states that the Ten Commandments were given to Moses by God. [http://home.aol.com/lazera/torah.htm] In certain biblical passages these events are described as… …   Wikipedia

  • Shechem — /shee keuhm, kem, shek euhm, em/, n. a town of ancient Palestine, near the city of Samaria; occupied by Israel 1967 96; since 1996 under Palestinian self rule: first capital of the northern kingdom of Israel. Modern name, Nablus. * * * ▪ ancient… …   Universalium

  • Israel — /iz ree euhl, ray /, n. 1. a republic in SW Asia, on the Mediterranean: formed as a Jewish state May 1948. 5,534,672; 7984 sq. mi. (20,679 sq. km). Cap.: Jerusalem. 2. the people traditionally descended from Jacob; the Hebrew or Jewish people. 3 …   Universalium

  • Palestine — /pal euh stuyn / for 1, 2; /pal euh steen / for 3, n. 1. Also called Holy Land. Biblical name, Canaan. an ancient country in SW Asia, on the E coast of the Mediterranean. 2. a former British mandate (1923 48) comprising part of this country,… …   Universalium

  • Nablus — /nab leuhs, nah bleuhs/, n. modern name of Shechem. * * * ▪ city in the West Bank also spelled  Nābulus  or  Nablus , Greek  Neapolis , Hebrew  Shekhem   city in the West Bank. It lies in an enclosed, fertile valley and is the market centre of a… …   Universalium

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