George Of Trebizond

▪ Byzantine humanist

born 1396, Candia, Crete [now Iráklion, Greece]
died 1486, Rome [Italy]

      Byzantine humanist, Greek scholar, and Aristotelian polemist. His academic influence in Italy and within the papacy, his theories on grammar and literary criticism, and his Latin translations of ancient Greek works, although at times strongly criticized, contributed substantially to Italian humanism and the Renaissance.

      Named for his family's origin in Trebizond (now Trabzon in Turkey), on the Black Sea, George went to Italy as a youth and soon distinguished himself as a scholar, becoming professor of Greek at Vicenza in 1420 and at Venice in 1433. He eventually succeeded to the literary primacy of the humanist scholar Francesco Filelfo (1398–1481). Hearing of his reputation, Pope Eugenius IV invited him to Rome as his private secretary and to join the faculty of philosophy at the Sapienza academy. In the course of his criticism of the classical Latin rhetorician Quintilian (1st century AD), George incurred the wrath of the Roman humanist Lorenzo Valla. Harsh contention intensified over his hurried translations of Aristotle's Rhetoric and The History of Animals, Plato's Laws, Ptolemy's Almagest, and various tracts from the Greek Church Fathers, resulting in errors and linguistic deformities. Such lapses in scholarship cost him the patronage of Pope Nicholas V (1447–55) and forced him to leave Rome in 1453. On his final return in 1466, the ferocity of criticism mounted as the Platonists Gemistus Plethon and Cardinal Bessarion attacked George's assertions of the superiority of Aristotle's realism over Plato's idealist theory of knowledge. Significant success, however, came when George published, in 1471, a radically revised Latin grammar in which he abandoned the medieval method for the purer form of the 6th-century Latinist Priscian. An earlier work on rhetoric based largely on Aristotelian and later Greek principles attained lasting recognition, even from his critics, who admitted to the erudition and brilliance of his vast oeuvre.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • George of Trebizond — • A Greek scholar of the early Italian Renaissance; b. in Crete (a Venetian possession from 1206 1669), 1395; d. in Rome, 1486 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. George of Trebizond     George of Trebizond …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • George of Trebizond — (1395 ndash; 1486), Greek philosopher and scholar, one of the pioneers of the Renaissance, was born on the island of Crete, and derived his surname Trapezuntius from the fact that his ancestors were from Trebizond.At what period he came to Italy… …   Wikipedia

  • George of Trebizond — (1396 ca. 1472; Latin name, Trapezuntius)    Humanist and philosopher, born on the island of Crete. He settled in Venice in 1416 and initially worked as a Greek scribe. His study under the famous schoolmaster Vittorino da Feltre gave him a… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • George of Trebizond —    Humanist; one of the great translators of Greek texts into Latin. His parents were from Trebizond (q.v.), but he was born in Crete (q.v.) in 1395. He embraced Catholicism and emigrated to Venice (q.v.) in 1415 where he taught Greek and studied …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • George, Emperor of Trebizond — George Megas Komnenos (Greek: Γεώργιος Μέγας Κομνηνός, Geōrgios Megas Komnēnos ), (c. 1255 ndash; after 1284), Emperor of Trebizond from 1266 to 1280. He was the elder son of Emperor Manuel I and his third wife, Irene Syrikaina, a Trapezuntine… …   Wikipedia

  • George V of Georgia — George V, the “Brilliant” ( ka. გიორგი V ბრწყინვალე, Giorgi V Brtskinvale ; also translated as the Illustrious , or Magnificent ) (1286 or 1289 – 1346) was King of Georgia from 1299 to 1302 and again from 1314 until his death. A flexible and far… …   Wikipedia

  • George Amiroutzes — (b.1400 d.1470) was a Greek Renaissance scholar and philosopher. He was born in Trebizond, lived and taught in Italy and eventually died in Constantinople. He is considered as a controversial figures of the late Byzantine era. He was praised and… …   Wikipedia

  • George VII of Georgia — George VII (Georgian: გიორგი VII, Giorgi VII ) (died 1405 or 1407) was king of Georgia from 1393 to 1407 (alternatively, from 1395 to 1405). George was the son of the king Bagrat V and his first wife Helena of Trebizond (died of bubonic plague,… …   Wikipedia

  • George Errington — (1804 ndash;1886), the second son of Thomas Errington and Catharine (Dowdall) of Clintz, Richmond, Yorkshire, was a Catholic bishop. He was consecrated first Bishop of Plymouth on 25 July 1851, having previously been rector of the church of St.… …   Wikipedia

  • George Biddlecombe — Sir George Biddlecombe (November 5 1807 ndash; July 22 1878), was an English naval officer and author.Biddlecombe, born at Portsea, was the son of Thomas Biddlecombe of Sheerness Dockyard, who died on 12 September 1844. He was educated at a… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.