▪ empress of Han dynastyWade-Giles romanization Kao-hou , also called Lühou , or Lüshi , personal name (xingming) Lü Zhi , or Lü Exudied 180 BC, Chinathe first woman ruler of China, wife of Gaozu, the first emperor (reigned 206–195 BC) of the Han dynasty (206 BC–AD 220).After Gaozu's death, his and Gaohou's young son, the emperor Huidi (reigned 195–188 BC), ascended the throne. Gaohou, whose ambition had spurred her husband's rise to power, acted as regent and seized real power for herself. A cruel, vindictive woman, she consolidated her position by ignoring members of Gaozu's family and promoting her own relatives to important posts.Following Huidi's death, Gaohou arranged for another infant to succeed him, but when the new young ruler began to assert his independence, she had him imprisoned and replaced with yet another child. However, after Gaohou's death, her efforts on behalf of the Lü clan came to nothing; a coalition of high ministers and disgruntled princes of the imperial family massacred the entire clan. Gaohou was replaced by Liu Heng (Gaozu's oldest living son by another wife), who ascended the throne as the Wendi emperor.
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china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material … Universalium
China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast … Universalium
Gaozu — or Kao tsu orig. Liu Bang or Liu Pang born 256 BC, Peixian, in modern Jiangsu province, China died 195 BC, China Man of peasant background who rose to become the founder of China s Han dynasty (206 BC–AD 220). When Shihuangdi, emperor of the Qin… … Universalium