Frumentius, Saint

▪ Ethiopian bishop
Amharic  Abba Salama  
flourished 4th century, feast day October 27 in the Roman Catholic Church; November 30 in Eastern Orthodox churches; December 18th in the Coptic Church

      Syrian apostle who introduced Christianity into Ethiopia. As first bishop of its ancient capital, Aksum, he structured the emerging Christian church there in the orthodox theology of the Alexandrian school during the 4th-century controversy over Arianism.

      A student of philosophy from Tyre, Frumentius and a colleague, Aedesius, were captured by Ethiopians in about 340. They became civil servants at the court of the Aksumite king Ezana, whom Frumentius converted. On the death of the monarch, Frumentius became the royal administrator and tutor to the crown prince and was empowered to grant freedom of religious expression to visiting Christian merchants from the Roman Empire.

      After fulfilling his regency Frumentius visited Athanasius (Athanasius, Saint), bishop of Alexandria, in about 347. Athanasius ordained Frumentius bishop and commissioned him to initiate the cultural adaptation of Greek Christianity's biblical-liturgical texts to Ethiopic symbols and language. The link between the Egyptian Coptic and Ethiopian churches having thus been established, Frumentius, despite the enmity of the Byzantine Roman emperor Constantius II (337–361), repudiated the Arians. The 4th-century church historian Rufinus of Aquileia, by meeting Aedesius later at Tyre, was able to document Frumentius' achievements, noting that the Ethiopians addressed him as abuna, or “Our Father,” a title that is still used for the patriarch of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FRUMENTIUS — saint (315 env. env. 380) Au temps de l’empereur Constantin, un certain Meropios de Tyr, accompagné de ses deux disciples Frumentius et Édésius, fut, en revenant des Indes, obligé d’aborder au port d’Adoulis en Éthiopie (au sud de Massaouah).… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Frumentius — Frumence d Aksoum Frumence ou Frumentius (saint né à Tyr, mort vers 383) fut un commerçant qui, selon la légende, introduisit le christianisme en Éthiopie, en convertissant le roi Ezana. D origine syrienne et de culture grecque, il fut le premier …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Saint Victorian — can refer to:*Victorian and Aquilinus, martyrs at Isauria, Asia Minor *Victorian, Frumentius and Companions, 5th century North African martyrs *Victorian of Asan, 6th century Spanish saint *Victorian, Simplicius, and Constantius …   Wikipedia

  • Frumentius — Infobox Saint name=Saint Frumentius birth date=4th century death date=c. 380 feast day= August 1 (Ethiopian) December 18 (Coptic) November 30 (Byzantine) October 27 (Catholic/Western) venerated in= imagesize=140px caption=Saint Frumentius of… …   Wikipedia

  • Frumentius — (fourth century)    Saint, Bishop and Missionary.    Frumentius was said to have been captured off a merchant ship by Ethiopians. He seized the opportunity to spread the gospel among his captors and was subsequently consecrated a Bishop by… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Frumentius — /frooh men shee euhs/, n. Saint, A.D. c300 c380, founder of the Ethiopian Church. * * * …   Universalium

  • Frumentius — /frooh men shee euhs/, n. Saint, A.D. c300 c380, founder of the Ethiopian Church …   Useful english dictionary

  • Edesius and Frumentius — • Tyrian Greeks of the fourth century, probably brothers, who introduced Christianity into Abyssinia; the latter a saint and first Bishop of Axum, styled the Apostle of Abyssinia, d. about 383 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Edesius… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Victorian, Frumentius and Companions — Infobox Saint name=Saints Victorian, Frumentius and Companions birth date= death date=March 23, 484 AD feast day=March 23 venerated in=Roman Catholic Church imagesize= caption= birth place= death place=Adrumetum, North Africa titles=Martyrs… …   Wikipedia

  • Christianity — /kris chee an i tee/, n., pl. Christianities. 1. the Christian religion, including the Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox churches. 2. Christian beliefs or practices; Christian quality or character: Christianity mixed with pagan elements; …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.