byname of  Mozambique Liberation Front , Portuguese  Frente de Libertação Moçambique 

      political and military movement that initiated Mozambican (Mozambique) independence from Portugal and then formed the governing party of newly independent Mozambique in 1975.

      Frelimo was formed in neighbouring Tanzania in 1962 by exiled Mozambicans who were seeking to overthrow Portuguese colonial rule in their country. The movement's original leader was Eduardo Mondlane. He held the nascent organization together, obtained support from both communist and western European countries, and built a force of several thousand guerrillas whose strength lay in northern Mozambique. By the mid-1960s the Portuguese colonial authorities had some 70,000 troops in Mozambique to put down the insurgency, but they did not prevail.

      Samora Machel (Machel, Samora), a pragmatic military commander, became head of Frelimo in 1970, following the assassination of Mondlane the year before. After a left-wing military coup in Portugal in 1974, which signaled the end of Portuguese colonial rule in Africa, Mozambique attained its independence the following year with Machel as the first president. Frelimo subsequently restructured itself as a Marxist-Leninist party and nationalized land and the professions of law, medicine, and education. Women had been a part of the Frelimo army, and the equality of women was stressed by Frelimo and Machel, although many men disagreed with this position. Frelimo tried to revive the country's shattered economy, but its efforts were hampered by its commitment to collective agriculture and by the destructive activities of the dissident Mozambican group known as Renamo. Frelimo and Renamo signed a peace agreement in 1992, and Frelimo won the multiparty elections held in Mozambique in 1994. Joaquim Chissanó, who became leader of Frelimo in 1986 after the death of Machel, was the first elected president of the country.

      Frelimo continued to dominate Mozambican politics into the 21st century. In 2002 Chissanó announced he would not stand for reelection in 2004, although he remained the party's leader. Armando Guebuza, secretary-general of Frelimo, was chosen to be the party's presidential candidate and was victorious in the 2004 elections.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FRELIMO — acronyme pour Front de libération du Mozambique …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • FRELIMO — FRELIMO,   Abkürzung für Frente de Libertação de Moçambique …   Universal-Lexikon

  • FRELIMO — Liberation Front of Mozambique Frente de Libertação de Moçambique Chairman Filipe Chimoio Paúnde Pre …   Wikipedia

  • FRELIMO — Flagge der FRELIMO FRELIMO ist die ehemalige einzige Regierungspartei Mosambiks. FRELIMO steht für „Frente da Libertação de Moçambique“ (Mosambikische Befreiungsfront). Sie gründete sich in den 1960ern als Zusammenschluss dreier nationaler… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • FRELIMO — Front de libération du Mozambique Le Frente de Libertação de Moçambique (Front de libération du Mozambique, Frelimo) est un parti politique du Mozambique membre de l Internationale socialiste. Le chef du Frelimo et président de la république du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • FRELIMO — Fre|li|mo or FRELIMO «fray LEE moh», noun. Frente de Liberação de Moçambique (Front of Liberation of Mozambique) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Frelimo — noun /fɹɛˈliːməʊ/ The nationalist political party of Mozambique, which fought for independence and formed the government after independence in 1975 …   Wiktionary

  • FRELIMO — Frente de Libertação de Mozambique (Regional » African) …   Abbreviations dictionary

  • Frelimo — Fre|li|mo 〈a. [ ′ ] f.; Gen.: ; Pl.: unz.; Kurzwort für〉 Frente de Libertação de Moçambique, Befreiungsfront von Moçambique, seit 1977 Regierungspartei [Etym.: portug.] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • Affrontement FRELIMO/RENAMO — Histoire du Mozambique L histoire du Mozambique dans sa période préhistorique est mal connue mais les premiers habitants de la région étaient des ancêtres des Bochimans qui furent progressivement chassés du territoire du futur Mozambique, entre… …   Wikipédia en Français

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