Frederick IV

▪ elector Palatine of the Rhine
byname  Frederick The Righteous,  German  Friedrich Der Aufrichtige 
born March 5, 1574, Amberg, Palatinate
died Sept. 19, 1610, Heidelberg

      elector Palatine of the Rhine, only surviving son of the elector Louis VI.

      Frederick's father died in October 1583, when the young elector came under the guardianship of his uncle John Casimir, an ardent Calvinist. In January 1592, on the death of John Casimir, Frederick undertook the government of the Palatinate and continued his uncle's policies of hostility to the Catholic Church and the Habsburgs and cooperation with foreign Protestants. He was often in communication with Henry of Navarre, afterward Henry IV of France, and like him was unremitting in his efforts to conclude a league among the German Protestants. After many delays the Union of Evangelical Estates (Protestant Union) was actually formed in May 1608, under the leadership of the elector, and he took a prominent part in directing the operations of the union until his death. Frederick was very extravagant, and liked to surround himself with pomp and luxury.

▪ king of Denmark and Norway

born Oct. 11, 1671, Copenhagen
died Oct. 12, 1730, Odense, Den.
 king of Denmark and Norway (1699–1730), who succeeded his father, King Christian V. He continued the Danish efforts to sever the House of Gottorp's link with Sweden, but his first attempt to do so, in 1700 at the outbreak of the Great Northern War, was checked by Charles XII of Sweden. Frederick then accepted the Treaty of Traventhal (1700), but he reentered the war in 1709, and at the Peace of Frederiksborg (1720) Denmark obtained English and French guarantees for the sole possession of the Duchy of Schleswig by the Danish crown, though remaining administratively separate. At home the King introduced reforms. A local militia was instituted in 1701. The legal bond tying peasants to the land on which they worked was partially abolished in eastern Denmark after 1702. On the crown estates Frederick reorganized defense measures and established 240 elementary schools. His private life, however, often aroused indignation. Having married Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow in 1695, he entered into two morganatic marriages during her lifetime. The second of these, in 1712, was with Anna Sophie, daughter of the chancellor, Conrad, Count Reventlow, and after Louise's death (1721), despite opposition within the royal family, he raised Anna Sophie to the dignity of queen.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Frederick II — • German King and Roman Emperor, son of Henry VI and Constance of Sicily; born 26 Dec., 1194; died at Fiorentina, in Apulia, 13 Dec., 1250 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Frederick II     Frederick II …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Frederick — bezeichnet: Frederick (Vorname), einen Vornamen Frederick (Colorado), eine Stadt im US Bundesstaat Colorado Frederick (Maryland), eine Stadt im US Bundesstaat Maryland Frederick County (Maryland), County der gleichnamigen Stadt im US Bundesstaat… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Frederick I — may refer to:*Frederick I, Archbishop of Cologne (c. 1075 1171) * Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor (1122 1190); Frederick Barbarossa * Frederick I of Austria (Babenberg) (c.1175 1198) * Frederick I of Austria (Habsburg) (1286 1330); Frederick the… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — Frederick, CO U.S. town in Colorado Population (2000): 2467 Housing Units (2000): 896 Land area (2000): 8.613439 sq. miles (22.308703 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.091186 sq. miles (0.236170 sq. km) Total area (2000): 8.704625 sq. miles (22.544873 …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Frederick II — may refer to: * Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1194 ndash;1250, king 1211/12 ndash;1250, emperor since 1220) * Frederick II of Austria (? ndash;1246, duke of Austria 1230 ndash;1246) * Frederick III of Sicily (1272 ndash;1337), also called… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — Frederick1 [fred′rik, fred′ər ik] n. [Fr Frédéric < Ger Friedrich < OHG Fridurih < Gmc * frithu , peace (< fri , to love, protect + thu , substantive particle) + * rik , king, ruler (akin to L rex, Ger reich): see RIGHT] a masculine… …   English World dictionary

  • Frederick V — or Friedrich V may refer to: *Frederick I, Margrave of Brandenburg Ansbach (1460 1536), or Friedrich V, Margrave von Brandenburg Ansbach Bayreuth *Frederick V, Elector Palatine (1596 1632), or Friedrich V von der Pfalz *Frederick V of Denmark… …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick IV — may refer to:*Frederick IV of Austria (1382 1439) *Frederick IV of Denmark (1671 1730) *Frederick IV, Elector Palatine (1574 1610) *Frederick IV of Holstein Gottorp *Frederick IV of Sicily *Frederick IV of Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Frederick — hace referencia a: Frederick Delius, compositor inglés; Frederick Forsyth, escritor británico; Frederick Gowland Hopkins, bioquímico británico, premio Nobel de Medicina en 1929; Frederick Grant Banting, médico canadiense, premio Nobel de Medicina …   Wikipedia Español

  • FREDERICK I° — (1826–1907), grand duke of Baden, son in law of Kaiser William I, and uncle by marriage of Kaiser William II. Frederick ruled Baden from 1852 until his death and carried out many reforms in the school and voting system   based on liberal ideas… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

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