Fouta Djallon

also spelled  Futa Jallon,  

      mountainous region of west-central Guinea. Consisting of a series of stepped sandstone plateaus with many picturesque trenches and gorges, the region serves as the watershed for some of western Africa's greatest rivers. The Fouta Djallon covers an area of 30,000 square miles (77,000 square km) and averages 3,000 feet (914 m) in elevation. Mount Loura (Tamgué), its highest point (5,046 feet [1,538 m]), rises near the town of Mali. Originating in the Fouta Djallon's central plateau are the headwaters of the Gambia, Bafing (Sénégal), Koliba, Kolenté (Great Scarcies), Kaba (Little Scarcies), and Konkouré rivers. The Fouta's eastern slopes feed various tributaries of the Niger River; and its extension to the extreme southeast, known as the Guinea Highlands (q.v.), contains the Niger's source.

      The Fouta Djallon's name comes from its early Dialonke (Djallonke) inhabitants. The region was first organized as a separate political entity as a result of the Fulbe (Fulani) and Malinke jihad (Muslim holy war) led by Karamoko Alfa and Ibrahima Sori in the late 1720s. As a Muslim theocratic state, Fouta Djallon dominated both central and coastal Guinea until it became part of the French colony of Guinea. Timbo, 26 miles (42 km) northeast of Mamou, was the seat of the Fulani emirs until its occupation by French troops in 1896. Modern Fouta Djallon is mainly inhabited by Muslim Fulani peoples who herd tsetse-resistant Ndama cattle. The town of Labé is the chief trade centre.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fouta Djallon — is a highland region in the center of Guinea, West Africa. The indigenous name is Fuuta Jaloo (sometimes spelled Fuuta Jalon ; Fouta Djallon is a French spelling; in English it is sometimes also written Futa Jalon ). The origin of the name is… …   Wikipedia

  • Fouta Djallon — Fouta Djalon Fouta Djalon Géographie Altitude 1 515 m, mont Loura …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fouta Djallon — Fouta Djallon, afrik. Gebirgsland, s.v.w. Futa Dschalon (s.d.) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fouta Djallon — Canyon im Fouta Djallon Das Fouta Djallon [futadʒaˈlɔ̃] (Alternativschreibungen: Futa Jalon, Futa Djalon, Futa Dschalon, Fouta Djalon) ist ein Bergland in Guinea (Westafrika). Es ist ferner eine der vier inoffiziellen, geografisch definierten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fouta Djallon — geographical name mountain region W Guinea; highest point about 4970 feet (1515 meters) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Kingdom of Fouta Djallon — The Kingdom of Fouta Djallon (also the Kingdom of Fuuta Jallon and the Timbo Almamate) (1725 1896) was a pre colonial West African state based in the Fouta Djallon highlands of modern Guinea.OriginThe Fuuta Jallon area was settled by the semi… …   Wikipedia

  • ФУТА-ДЖАЛЛОН (Fouta-Djallon) — плато в Зап. Африке, на территории государства Гвинея. Поднимается ступенями от 300 м у прибрежных равнин до 1000 м и более в центральной части. Высота до 1537 м (г. Тамге). Ландшафты вторичных саванн …   Большой Энциклопедический словарь

  • Fouta-djalon — Géographie Altitude 1 515 m, mont Loura …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fouta Djalon — Géographie Altitude 1 515 m, mont Loura …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fouta Jallon — Fouta Djalon Fouta Djalon Géographie Altitude 1 515 m, mont Loura …   Wikipédia en Français


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