Foucher, Simon

▪ French philosopher
born March 1, 1644, Dijon, Fr.
died April 27, 1696, Paris

      ecclesiastic and critical philosopher of the Cartesian school, the first to publish criticisms of the philosophical theories of Nicolas Malebranche. In Critique de la recherche de la vérité (1675; “Critique of the Search for Truth”), Foucher reasoned to contradictory conclusions from the suppositions of a philosophical system. Granting with Descartes that interaction between mind and matter obviously takes place, he added, however, that likeness is essential for cause–effect relationships—which implies (as against Descartes) that mind and matter cannot be essentially different; or, conversely, if Cartesian principles were strictly followed, mind and matter could not possibly interact. Foucher likewise contended that Malebranche logically made every truth a matter of faith and failed to refute the arguments of Skepticism. For Foucher, discovering a criterion of truth was the goal of philosophy. He saw special value in academic Skepticism and in a reasonable doubt in the search for truth.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Foucher, Simon — (1644–1696) French critic of Cartesianism . Born in Dijon, Foucher was educated at the Sorbonne, and became a canon of the Cathedral of Dijon, although he spent his life in Paris. He was a friend of Leibniz, whose responses to Foucher s questions …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Foucher — Foucher, Simon …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Foucher — is a surname, and may refer to:* Alfred A. Foucher * André Foucher * Louis Charles Foucher * Simon Foucheree also* Fouché …   Wikipedia

  • Simon Foucher — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Foucher. Simon Foucher (1er mars 1644, Dijon 27 avril 1696, Paris), abbé, chanoine de Dijon, philosophe français. Il était lié avec les savants et les philosophes les plus distingués de son temps: Gilles… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Simon Foucher — (1 March 1644 27 April 1696) was a French polemicCite book |last= Taleb |first= Nassim Nicholas |authorlink= Nassim Nicholas Taleb |title= |chapter= The Ludic Fallacy, or The Uncertainty of the Nerd |publisher= Random House |isbn= 978 1400063512… …   Wikipedia

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  • Foucher — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom.  Pour l’article homophone, voir Fouché. Patronyme Foucher est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Simon Foucher (1644 1696), philosophe… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Renaissance philosophy outside Italy — Stuart Brown Italy might justly be described as the home of Renaissance philosophy. Many of the important cultural developments of the period originated in Italy and only gradually spread north and west to other countries. But each of the other… …   History of philosophy

  • Cartesianism — See Cartesian. * * * Philosophical tradition derived from the philosophy of René Descartes. A form of rationalism, Cartesianism upholds a metaphysical dualism of two finite substances, mind and matter. The essence of mind is thinking; the essence …   Universalium

  • occasionalism — occasionalist, n. occasionalistic, adj. /euh kay zheuh nl iz euhm/, n. Philos. a theory that there is no natural interaction between mind and matter, but that God makes mental events correspond to physical perceptions and actions. [1835 45;… …   Universalium

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