Florey, Howard Walter Florey, Baron

▪ Australian pathologist
born Sept. 24, 1898, Adelaide, Australia
died Feb. 21, 1968, Oxford, Eng.
 Australian pathologist who, with Ernst Boris Chain (Chain, Sir Ernst Boris), isolated and purified penicillin (discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (Fleming, Sir Alexander)) for general clinical use. For this research Florey, Chain, and Fleming shared the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1945.

      Florey studied medicine at Adelaide and Oxford universities until 1924. After holding teaching and research posts at Cambridge and Sheffield universities, he was professor of pathology at Oxford (1935–62). He was appointed provost of Queen's College, Oxford (1962), and chancellor of the Australian National University, Canberra (1965), positions he held until his death. He also served as president of the Royal Society (1960–65). He was knighted in 1944 and made life peer, assuming his title as baron, in 1965. Florey investigated tissue inflammation and secretion of mucous membranes. He succeeded in purifying lysozyme, a bacteria-destroying enzyme found in tears and saliva, and characterized the substances acted upon by the enzyme. In 1939 he surveyed other naturally occurring antibacterial substances, concentrating on penicillin. With Chain and others, he demonstrated its curative properties in human studies and developed methods for its production. Following World War II and the work of his research team in North Africa, penicillin came into widespread clinical use.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Howard Walter Florey — Berliner Gedenktafel in Berlin Moabit (Turmstr. 22) zusammen mit …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Howard Walter Florey — Howard Walter Florey, en 1945. Sir Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston (24 septembre 1898 21 février 1968) est un pharmacologue, prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1945 avec Ernst Boris Chain et Sir Alexander Fleming… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Howard Florey, Baron Florey — Infobox Scientist name = Howard Florey imagesize = 180px caption = PAGENAME birth date = September 24, 1898 birth place = Adelaide, South Australia death date = February 21, 1968 death place = nationality = Australia field = Bacteriology,… …   Wikipedia

  • Florey,Sir Howard Walter — Flo·rey (flôrʹē, flōrʹē), Sir Howard Walter. Baron Florey of Adelaide. 1898 1968. Australian born British pathologist. He shared a 1945 Nobel Prize for isolating and purifying penicillin, discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming. * * * …   Universalium

  • Florey , Howard Walter, Baron Florey of Adelaide — (1898–1968) Australian experimental pathologist Florey was born and educated in Adelaide and graduated in medicine from the university there in 1921. Early in 1922 he arrived in Oxford, on a Rhodes scholarship and studied physiology for two years …   Scientists

  • Florey, Howard Walter, Baron — born Sept. 24, 1898, Adelaide, S.Aus., Austl. died Feb. 21, 1968, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Eng. Australian pathologist. Educated in Britain and the U.S., Florey taught at the University of Oxford from 1935. Investigating tissue inflammation and… …   Universalium

  • Florey, Howard Walter, barón — (24 sep. 1898, Adelaida, Australia Meridional, Australia–21 feb. 1968, Oxford, Oxfordshire, Inglaterra). Patólogo australiano. Educado en Gran Bretaña y EE.UU., fue docente en la Universidad de Oxford desde 1935. En sus investigaciones sobre la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Howard Florey — Howard Walter Florey Howard Walter Florey, Baron Florey of Adelaide and Marston, (24 septembre 1898 21 février 1968) est un pharmacologue, prix Nobel de physiologie ou médecine en 1945 avec Ernst Boris Chain et Sir Alexander Fleming pour son rôle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Walter — Walter, Bruno Walter, John * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Walter S(ydney) Alvarez, Luis W(alter) Bagehot, Walter Walter Lanier Barber Beaton, Sir Cecil (Walter Hardy) Benjamin, Walter Brattain, Walter H(ouser) Richard Walter Jenkins, Jr.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Howard — Howard, Ebenezer Howard, Leslie ► Noble familia inglesa del s. X. A ella pertenecen los condes de Norfolk, de Suffolk, de Northampton y de Nottingham. * * * (as used in expressions) Aiken, Howard H(athaway) Armstrong, Edwin H(oward) Bearden,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.