Fleming, Sir Sandford

▪ Canadian engineer and scientist
born Jan. 7, 1827, Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scot.
died July 22, 1915, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Can.

      civil engineer and scientist who was the foremost railway engineer of Canada in the 19th century.

      Fleming emigrated in 1845 from Scotland to Canada, where he was trained as an engineer. By 1857 he had become chief engineer for the Ontario, Simcoe, and Huron Railway (now part of the Canadian National Railway). In 1863 he was chosen by the Canadian government to conduct a survey for the route of the first link—from Quebec City to Halifax—of a proposed railway to run from the Atlantic to the Pacific. He became chief engineer for the construction of the resulting Intercolonial Railway (also part of the Canadian National Railway). In 1871 he became engineer-in-chief of the proposed Canadian Pacific Railway (Canadian Pacific Railway Ltd.), and the routes he surveyed through the Kicking Horse and other passes greatly aided Canadian railway construction in the ensuing decades. Fleming retired from his post with the Canadian Pacific Railway in 1880.

      After his retirement Fleming served as chancellor (1880–1915) of Queen's University in Kingston, Ont., and devoted himself to scientific projects and writing. Railway travel across great distances in Canada and the United States had rendered obsolete the old practice wherein different regions set their clocks according to local astronomical conditions. In studying solutions to this problem, Fleming advocated the adoption of a standard, or mean, time with hourly variations from it according to a system of time zones. His efforts were instrumental in the convening (1884) of the International Prime Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C., at which the current internationally accepted system of standard time zones was adopted. Fleming was also a forceful advocate of a telegraph communication system for the British Empire, the first link of which was a Pacific cable between Canada and Australia (1902). Additionally, Fleming designed Canada's first postage stamp, the threepenny beaver (1851). He was knighted in 1897.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fleming, Sir Sandford — (1827 )    Born at Kirkaldy, Scotland. Came to Canada, 1845. Chief engineer of the Intercolonial Railway; and of the Canadian Pacific Railway; chancellor of Queen s University since 1880; president of the Royal Society of Canada, 1888 1889. To… …   The makers of Canada

  • Sir Sandford Fleming Park — Dingle Memorial Tower seen over the Northwest Arm Type Public park Location Halifax, Nova Scotia …   Wikipedia

  • Sir Sandford Fleming Elementary School — Infobox Education in Canada name= Sir Sandford Fleming Elementary [ For School Data, Source: [http://www.bced.gov.bc.ca/schoolbook/ BC Schools Book] . Province of British Columbia, Ministry of Education January 16, 2006.] imagesize= 200px motto=… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Sir Sandford — from Gothics Glacier Elevation 3,519 m (11,545 ft) …   Wikipedia

  • Sandford Fleming — Sandford Fleming. Sir Sandford Fleming (* 7. Januar 1827 in Kirkcaldy, Fife, Schottland; † 22. Juli 1915 in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Kanada) war ein bedeutender kanadischer Ingenieur. In seiner Zeit als Chef Ingenieur bei der …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sandford Flemming — Sandford Fleming Sir Sandford Fleming Sir Sandford Fleming (Kirkcaldy (Écosse), 7 janvier 1827 – Halifax, 22 juillet 1915) est un ingénieur et inventeur …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sandford Fleming — Sir Sandford Fleming Sir Sandford Fleming (Kirkcaldy (Écosse), 7 janvier 1827 – Halifax, 22 juillet 1915) est un ingénieur et inventeur canadien originaire d Écosse. Il …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sandford Fleming — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Sir Sandford Fleming Sandford Fleming (7 de enero de 1827 – 22 de julio de 1915), fue un ingeniero canadiense y un prolífico inventor, conocido especialmente por la creación del concepto del …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sandford Fleming — Infobox Person name = Sir Sandford Fleming caption = Portrait of Sir Sandford Fleming birth date = January 7, 1827 birth place = Kirkcaldy, Fife, Scotland death date = July 22, 1915 death place = Ottawa, Ontario, Canada other names = known for =… …   Wikipedia

  • Fleming College — For other Fleming Colleges see Fleming College (disambiguation).Infobox University name = Fleming College motto = Let the Deed Shaw ( Let the Deed Show ) established = 1967 students = 5,000 full time and 10,000 alumni = 50,000 + affiliation = non …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.