Feininger, Lyonel

▪ American artist
born July 17, 1871, New York City
died Jan. 13, 1956, New York City

      American artist whose paintings and teaching activities at the Bauhaus brought a new compositional discipline and lyrical use of colour into the predominantly Expressionistic art of Germany.

      Feininger left the United States for Germany in 1887 to study music but decided to become an artist instead. He studied painting in Hamburg, Berlin, and Paris between 1887 and 1893 and then worked as a cartoonist for German humour magazines and the Chicago Tribune. About 1910, under the influence of the Cubists—especially Robert Delaunay—he began to paint important canvases and soon established his own style, utilizing prismatic interpenetrating planes of colour. This work, with its intersecting light rays, so impressed the artists of the avant-garde Blaue Reiter (Blaue Reiter, Der) (“Blue Rider”) group that Feininger was invited to exhibit with them in Berlin in 1913.

      After World War I Feininger joined the staff of the Bauhaus workshops. The structural direction of his own work was closely akin to the aim of the Bauhaus: a synthesis of art, science, and technology. In 1936, after the Nazis came to power, Feininger returned to the United States, where he remained.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Feininger, Lyonel — (1871 1956)    painter and illustrator; although he was deemed an Expressionist,* his clarity and precision separated him from contemporaries. Born in New York to two musicians, he began violin lessons with his father in 1880 and traveled to… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Feininger, Lyonel —  (1871–1956) American artist; note unusual spelling of first name …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Feininger, Lyonel —    см. Файнингер, Лионель …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Feininger,Lyonel Charles Adrian — Fei·ning·er (fīʹnĭng ər), Lyonel Charles Adrian. 1871 1956. American born artist who was influenced by cubism and the Bauhaus movement and developed a delicate geometric style with intersecting planes of translucent colors. * * * …   Universalium

  • Feininger, Lyonel (Charles Adrian) — born July 17, 1871, New York, N.Y., U.S. died Jan. 13, 1956, New York City U.S. born German painter. He went to Germany in 1887 to study music but ended up studying painting instead. Around 1910, under the influence of Cubism, he developed a… …   Universalium

  • Feininger, Lyonel (Charles Adrian) — (17 jul. 1871, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–13 ene. 1956, Nueva York). Pintor alemán de origen estadounidense. En 1887 partió a Alemania a estudiar música, pero terminó estudiando pintura. Alrededor de 1910, y bajo la influencia del cubismo,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lyonel Feininger — Lyonel Charles Adrian Feininger (* 17 de julio de 1871 en New York; † 13 de enero de 1956) fue un pintor e historietista germano estadounidense. Desde el año 1909 fue miembro del la Berliner Sezession (Secesión de Berlin). Contenido 1 Biografía 2 …   Wikipedia Español

  • FEININGER (L.) — FEININGER LYONEL (1871 1956) Né dans une famille allemande installée aux États Unis, Lyonel Feininger retourne dans son pays d’origine en 1887. Il se forme alors au contact de la peinture d’avant garde qu’il découvre en Allemagne et à Paris; il… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Feininger, Andreas — ▪ American photographer in full  Andreas Bernhard Lyonel Feininger  born December 27, 1906, Paris, France died February 18, 1999, New York, New York, U.S.       American photographer and writer on photographic technique, noted for his photos of… …   Universalium

  • Feininger — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andreas Feininger (1906–1999), frankoamerikanischer Architekt und Photograph, Sohn von Lyonel Feininger Bernd Feininger (* 1948), deutscher römisch katholischer Theologe und Literaturwissenschaftler Lyonel …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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