Farinacci, Roberto

▪ Italian politician
born Oct. 16, 1892, Isernia, Italy
died April 28, 1945, Vimercate

      radical Italian politician and Fascist ras, or local party boss, who helped Benito Mussolini rise to power in 1922 and who became an important figure in the Fascist regime.

      After dropping out of school to work for the railroad in Cremona (1909), Farinacci became an ardent Socialist. When World War I broke out, he advocated Italian intervention, and after the war he became attracted to Mussolini. Farinacci founded the Fascist daily Cremona nuova and was the main party organizer in Cremona. Under Farinacci, the Fascist squadre d'azione (armed squads) engaged in brutal repression and violence, often incurring Mussolini's disfavour, especially by forcibly taking over Cremona (July 1922).

      Farinacci, continually critical of Mussolini for being too cautious and moderate, had many followers and probably hastened the Fascist ascendancy. Appointed secretary general of the party (February 1925), Farinacci insisted upon defying Mussolini and was allowed to resign in March 1926.

      Farinacci practiced law until he was recalled to power in 1935. He became Mussolini's main contact with the Germans and urged Italy's entry into World War II, which proved disastrous. When Mussolini was overthrown (July 1943), Farinacci, protected by the Germans, escaped arrest. He returned to Cremona but tried to flee Italy when the Allies advanced northward. Recognized by Italian partisans, he was tried and executed by a firing squad.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FARINACCI, ROBERTO° — (1892–1945), leading antisemite in the Italian Fascist regime. A socialist until 1914, Farinacci became one of the founders of the Fascist movement in March 1919. He served as a member of the Gran Consiglio del Fascismo, as a member of parliament …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Farinacci, Roberto — (1892–1945)    Before World War I, Farinacci was a railway worker and prominent labor boss in the Lombardy town of Cremona. Astreet fighter called by a British historian “one of the more illiterate and brutish of the hierarchy,” he was rooted in… …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Roberto Farinacci — (Isernia, 16 octobre 1892 – Vimercate, 28 avril 1945) est un homme politique et journaliste italien. Il a été secrétaire du Parti national fasciste. Sommaire 1 La jeunesse 2 L ascension dans le parti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Roberto Farinacci — (* 16. Oktober 1892 in Isernia, Molise; † 28. April 1945) war italienischer Rechtsanwalt, Journalist und faschistischer Politiker. Er war Sekretär der Partito Nazionale Fascista. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Jugendzeit 2 Die „rechte Hand“ Musso …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Roberto Farinacci — (October 16 1892 mdash; April 28 1945) was a leading Italian Fascist politician, and important member of the National Fascist Party (PNF) before and during World War II, and one of its ardent anti Semitic proponents.Early lifeBorn in Isernia,… …   Wikipedia

  • Farinacci — ist der Name folgender Personen: Jorge Farinacci (1949–2006), sozialistischer puerto ricanischer Politiker Roberto Farinacci (1892–1945), italienischer Rechtsanwalt, Journalist und faschistischer Politiker Diese Seite ist eine Be …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Farinacci —   [ nattʃi], Roberto, italienischer Politiker, * Isernia (Provinz Campobasso) 16. 10. 1892, ✝ Vimercate (Provinz Mailand) 28. 4. 1945; schloss sich 1919 den Faschisten an. Er trat als einer der Führer ihres radikalen Flügels hervor und schuf sich …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Farinacci (surname) — There are a number of people who share this surname:*Jorge Farinacci (1949 2006), the Puerta Rican politician *Daniella Farinacci, an Australian actress of Italian descent *Prospero Farinacci (1554 1816), an Italian lawyer and judge *Roberto… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Fa — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Camicie nere — Benito Mussolini Schwarzhemden (ital. camicie nere oder squadristi) ist die Bezeichnung für die Mitglieder der Fasci di Combattimento, der faschistischen Kampfbünde im Italien der Zwischenkriegszeit. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.