Farazdaq, al-

▪ Islamic poet
byname of  Tammām ibn Ghālib Abū Firās 
born c. 641, Yamāmah region, Arabia
died c. 728 or 730

      Arab poet famous for his satires in a period when poetry was an important political instrument. With his rival Jarīr, he represents the transitional period between Bedouin traditional culture and the new Muslim society that was being forged.

      Living in Basra, al-Farazdaq (“The Lump of Dough”) composed satires on the Banū Nashal and Banū Fuqaim tribes, and when Ziyād ibn Abīhi, a member of the latter tribe, became governor of Iraq in 669, he was forced to flee to Medina, where he remained for several years. On the death of Ziyād, he returned to Basra and gained the support of Ziyād's son, ʿUbayd Allāh. When al-Ḥajjāj (Ḥajjāj, al-) became governor (694), al-Farazdaq was again out of favour, in spite of the laudatory poems he dedicated to al-Ḥajjāj and members of his family; this was probably a result of the enmity of Jarīr, who had the ear of the governor. Al-Farazdaq became official poet to the caliph al-Walīd (Walīd, al-) (reigned 705–715), to whom he dedicated a number of panegyrics. He also enjoyed the favour of the caliph Sulaymān (715–717) but was eclipsed when ʿUmar II became caliph in 717. He got a chance to recover patronage under Yazīd II (720–724), when an insurrection occurred and he wrote poems excoriating the rebel leader.

      Al-Farazdaq was an eccentric of the first order, and his exploits, as well as his verses and his feud with Jarīr, provided subjects for discussion to generations of cultivated persons.

      His Dīwān, the collection of his poetry, contains several thousand verses, including laudatory and satirical poems and laments. His poems are representative of the nomad poetry at its height. Most of them are characterized by a happy sincerity, but some of his satires are notably obscene.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • FARAZDAQ (AL-) — FARAZDAQ AL (apr. 641 728) Célèbre poète arabe né au Yam ma. Très jeune encore, Tamm m ibn Gh lib al Farazdaq se signale à l’attention de sa tribu par son talent, et entame une très longue carrière de panégyriste et de satiriste dont les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Farazdaq — (Al ) (v. 640 v. 730) poète arabe: oeuvres panégyriques et satiriques …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Al-Farazdaq — Hammam ibn Ghalib Abu Firas, (en árabe: همام بن غالب ، ابو فراس) comúnmente conocido como al Farazdaq (en árabe: الفرزدق) (forma arabizada del persa Parāzda پرازده: trozo de masa )[1] (ca. 641 ca. 728 730) fue un poeta árabe. Primeros años Nació… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Al-Farazdaq — Hammam ibn Ghalib Abu Firas, ( ar. همام بن غالب ، ابو فراس) commonly known as al Farazdaq ( ar. الفرزدق) (Ar. lump of dough ) (ca. 641 ca. 728 730) was an Arab poet.He was born in Kadhima (modern day Kuwait) and lived at Basra. He was a member of …   Wikipedia

  • Islamic arts — Visual, literary, and performing arts of the populations that adopted Islam from the 7th century. Islamic visual arts are decorative, colourful, and, in religious art, nonrepresentational; the characteristic Islamic decoration is the arabesque.… …   Universalium

  • Arabic literature — (Arabic: الأدب العربي Al Adab Al Arabi ) is the writing produced, both prose and poetry, by speakers (not necessarily native speakers) of the Arabic language. It does not usually include works written using the Arabic alphabet but not in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Arabic poetry — (Arabic, الِشعر العربي ash shi ru l arabiy ) is the earliest form of Arabic literature. Our present knowledge of poetry in Arabic dates from the 6th century, but oral poetry is believed to predate that. Arabic poetry is categorized into two main… …   Wikipedia

  • Ghiyath ibn Ghawth al-Taghlibi al-Akhtal — Ghiyath ibn al Salt al Akhtal (Ghiyath ibn Ghawth al Taghlibi al Akhtal) (en árabe غياث بن غوث التغلبي الأخطل)(c. 640 710) fue uno de los poetas árabes más importantes del siglo VII e inicios del siglo VIII, durante la época de los califas Omeyas …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arabic literature — Introduction       the body of written works produced in the Arabic language.       The tradition of Arabic literature stretches back some 16 centuries to unrecorded beginnings in the Arabian Peninsula. At certain points in the development of… …   Universalium

  • Satire — This article is about the genre. For the mythological creature, see satyr. Satires redirects here. For other uses, see Satires (disambiguation). 1867 edition of Punch, a ground breaking British magazine of popular humour, including a great deal… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.