Fanon, Frantz

▪ West Indian psychoanalyst and philosopher
in full  Frantz Omar Fanon  
born 1925, Martinique
died Dec. 6, 1961, Washington, D.C., U.S.

      West Indian psychoanalyst and social philosopher, known for his theory that some neuroses are socially generated and for his writings on behalf of the national liberation of colonial peoples.

      After attending schools in Martinique and France, Fanon served in the French army during World War II and afterward completed his studies in medicine and psychiatry at the University of Lyon. In 1953–56 he served as head of the psychiatry department of Blida-Joinville Hospital in Algeria, which was then part of France. He joined the Algerian liberation movement in 1954 and in 1956 became an editor of its newspaper, El Moudjahid, published in Tunis. In 1960 he was appointed ambassador to Ghana by the rebel Provisional Government.

      Fanon's Peau noire, masques blancs (1952; Black Skin, White Masks) reflected his personal frustrations with racism. The publication shortly before his death of his book Les Damnés de la terre (1961; The Wretched of the Earth) established Fanon as a prophetic figure, the author of a social gospel that urged colonized peoples to purge themselves of their degradation in a “collective catharsis” to be achieved by violence against their European oppressors. He was also the author of Pour la révolution africaine (1964; “For the African Revolution”).

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Fanon, Frantz — (1925–1961)    A revolutionary socialist activist and major theoretician of Third World liberation, Fanon was strongly influenced by Marxism, but both developed it and departed from it in his analysis of colonialism. Born in French colonial… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Fanon, Frantz — (1925–1961) French psychologist and theorist of colonialism. Born in French Martinique, Fanon studied medicine and psychiatry in France after the Second World War. His Peau noire, masques blancs (1952, trs. as Black Skin, White Masks, 1967),… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Fanon, Frantz — ► (1925 61) Sociólogo y escritor argelino. Su obra Los condenados de la tierra representa la base de una teoría de la descolonización. Autor de Sociología de una revolución …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Fanon, Frantz (Omar) — born 1925, Martinique died Dec. 6, 1961, Washington, D.C., U.S. West Indian psychoanalyst and social philosopher. He served in the French army in World War II, earned a medical degree, and became head of the psychiatric department of an Algerian… …   Universalium

  • Fanon, Frantz (Omar) — (1925, Martinica–6 dic. 1961, Washington, D.C., EE.UU.). Sicoanalista y filósofo social originario de las Indias Occidentales. Sirvió en el ejército francés en la segunda guerra mundial, se recibió de médico, y se convirtió en el jefe del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • fanon — [ fanɔ̃ ] n. m. • XIIe « manipule »; frq. °fano « morceau d étoffe »; cf. all. Fahne « drapeau » 1 ♦ (1418) Chacun des deux pendants de la mitre d un évêque. (1678) Mar. Partie flottante d une voile carguée. 2 ♦ (1538) Cour …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Fanon — ► sustantivo masculino INDUMENTARIA Y MODA, RELIGIÓN Prenda de vestir en forma de doble esclavina cerrada que lleva el papa sobre el alba en la misa pontifical. * * * fanón 1 m. Pliegue que tienen en el cuello el *carnero y el *buey. 2 Cir.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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