Ereğli

▪ Konya province, Turkey
      town, south-central Turkey. It stands near the foot of the central Taurus Mountains on the northern approach to the Cilician Gates, a major pass. A frontier fortification of the Byzantine Empire, then known as Heraclea Cybistra, the town lay in the way of invading armies and was captured by the Arabs in 806 and again in 832. Near the end of the 11th century, it came under the Seljuq Turks; after their decline it was occupied by Mongols (13th century). The Turkmen Karaman dynasty followed the Mongols until their principality was annexed to the Ottoman Empire about 1466. The Ulu Cami (Great Mosque) and a caravansary (hostelry), said to have been designed by the 16th-century court architect Sinan, are still standing. About 10 miles (16 km) south of Ereğli, near İvriz, is a famous Hittite rock-cut bas-relief depicting the god Tarhun dispensing grain and grapes while being worshipped by the King of Tuvanuva (Tyana; modern Bor).

      Modern Ereğli lies on the Konya–Adana railway and is linked by road with both cities. It is a centre of cotton-textile manufacture based on cotton grown in the Adana plain. Pop. (2000) 82,633.

▪ Zonguldak province, Turkey
formerly  Bender-Ereğli,  or  Karadenizereğlisi  

      town, northern Turkey, on the Black Sea coast. The town was founded about 560 BC as Heraclea Pontica by a colony of Megarians who soon subjected the native Mariandynians and extended their control over most of the coast. In 74 BC it sided with the Pontic king Mithridates VI the Great against the Romans, who captured and burned the town. Although rebuilt by the Romans, Heraclea Pontica did not recover its former prosperity. Taken by the Turks about AD 1360, it developed as a trading centre of the Genoese, who settled there in large numbers. A ruined citadel on a height overlooking the town is a remnant of that period. In the vicinity of Ereğli are three grottoes mentioned by Xenophon: through one of them, according to legend, Hercules descended into Hades to bring out Cerberus, the monstrous, three-headed watchdog of the lower world.

      Ereğli basin lies in the richest coal-mining area of Turkey; some of the high-grade coal is exported through the town's port. Since 1965 it has also been home to one of Turkey's largest integrated iron and steel mills and has become a centre of heavy industry. The city has also developed one of the country's largest shipbuilding facilities. Ereğli is linked by road with Zonguldak and by steamer with Istanbul. Pop. (2000) 79,486.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eregli — Ereğli  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes localités partageant un même nom.  Cet article concerne les villes de Turquie nommées Ereğli. Pour pour les villes antiques, voir Héraclée. Ereğli est le nom de plusieurs villes… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eregli — Ereğli ist der Name mehrerer Orte in der Türkei: Ereğli am Schwarzen Meer (das antike Herakleia Pontike), siehe Ereğli (Schwarzes Meer). Ereğli in der Provinz Konya, siehe Ereğli (Konya). Ereğli in der Provinz Kocaeli, auch genannt Karamürsel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ereğli — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in der Türkei: Ereğli am Schwarzen Meer (das antike Herakleia Pontike), auch Karadeniz Ereğli, siehe Ereğli (Schwarzes Meer). Ereğli in der Provinz Konya, siehe Ereğli (Konya). Ereğli in der Provinz Kocaeli, auch… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ereğli — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Ereğli puede referirse a: Ereğli, una ciudad y distrito en la provincia de Konya, en el centro sur de Turquía. Corresponde a la antigua Heraclea Cybistra. Karadeniz Ereğli ( Ereğli del mar Negro ), una ciudad y… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ereğli — may refer to:*Ereğli, a district of Konya Province in Turkey *Karadeniz Ereğli, a district of Zonguldak Province in Turkey *Marmara Ereğli, a district of Tekirdağ Province in Turkey *Ereğli, a small town in Karamürsel district of Kocaeli Province …   Wikipedia

  • Ereğli —   [ ɛrɛjli],    1) Hafen und Industriestadt in der Provinz Zonguldak, Türkei, am Schwarzen Meer und am Westrand des Steinkohlenreviers von Zonguldak, 63 800 Einwohner; Eisen und Stahlwerk (errichtet 1958 65) mit Walzwerk (seit 1972); in der Nähe… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Eregli — Eregli, 1) Stadt im türk. Wilajet Adrianopel, auf einer Landspitze am Marmarameer, mit 3000 Einw., an der Stelle des alten Perinthos (seit Ende des 3. Jahrh. n. Chr. Heraklea genannt), mit Resten eines vom Kaiser Severus errichteten Amphitheaters …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Eregli — Eregli, 1) Stadt im Sandschakat Konia des Ejalets Karaman (Asiatische Türkei), viele Moscheen, Bienenzucht; 2) (Eregri, sonst Heraklea Ponti), Hafenstadt am Schwarzen Meere im Sandschakat Boli des Ejalets Khudavendiguiar (Asiatische Türkei),… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eregli — Eregli, Benderegli, das alte Heraclēa Pontĭca, Hafenstadt im asiat. türk. Wilajet Kastamuni, am Schwarzen Meer, 6300 E.; Kohlengruben …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ereğli —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différentes localités partageant un même nom. Cet article concerne les villes de Turquie nommées Ereğli. Pour pour les villes antiques, voir Héraclée. Ereğli est le nom de plusieurs villes de… …   Wikipédia en Français

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