Encratite

▪ Christian sect
      member of an ascetic Christian sect led by Tatian, a 2nd-century Syrian rhetorician. The name derived from the group's doctrine of continence (Greek: enkrateia). The sect shunned marriage, the eating of flesh, and the drinking of intoxicating beverages, even substituting water or milk for wine in the Eucharist.

      Tatian converted to Christianity while studying in Rome under the Christian apologist Justin Martyr. He early showed his ascetic bent, and, after Justin's martyrdom (c. AD 165), Tatian drifted further toward dualism and Gnosticism, severed his ties with the church, and returned to Syria, where his association with the Encratites began. He formulated the doctrine that denied salvation to Adam, and he reinterpreted some of the Pauline texts of the New Testament (e.g., 1 Corinthians 7:3–6) to make them concur with the Encratite view that marriage was licentious and a service of the devil. Eusebius of Caesarea stated in his 4th-century history of the church that the Encratites actually rejected both the Pauline Letters and The Acts of the Apostles.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Encratite — En cra*tite, n. [L. Encratitae, pl., fr. Gr. ? self disciplined; ? in + ? strength.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in the 2d century who abstained from marriage, wine, and animal food; called also {Continent}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • encratite — ● encratite nom (grec egkratês, maître de soi, continent) Membre d une secte religieuse des premiers siècles qui professait un ascétisme rigoureux, notamment en matière sexuelle …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Encratite — Encratites Les encratites, du grec ancien du grec enkratès signifiant continents, formaient un courant du christianisme ancien, l encratisme, qui s inscrivait dans une tendance très ascétique qui traversait alors le christianisme et qui joua un… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • encratite — (an kra ti t ) s. m. Sectaire chrétien des premiers siècles qui, faisant profession d une rigide continence, rejetait le mariage comme immoral, et s abstenait de l usage de la viande. ÉTYMOLOGIE    Encratita, dérivé du grec, continent, de en et… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • encratite — en·cra·tite …   English syllables

  • encratite — ˌtīt noun ( s) Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Late Latin encratita, from Late Greek enkratitēs, from Greek enkratēs self disciplined (from en in +0 kratēs, from kratos strength) + itēs ite more at in, hard …   Useful english dictionary

  • Continent — Encratite En cra*tite, n. [L. Encratitae, pl., fr. Gr. ? self disciplined; ? in + ? strength.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect in the 2d century who abstained from marriage, wine, and animal food; called also {Continent}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Encratites — • Literally, abstainers or persons who practised continency , because they refrained from the use of wine, animal food, and marriage Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Encratites     Encratites …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Tatien le Syrien — Tatien le Syrien, écrivain chrétien du IIe siècle, né en Syrie (Mésopotamie) vers 110/120. Hérétique pour les églises grecques et latines, il est tout de même l auteur d une apologie qui lui vaut d être considéré comme un Père de l Église.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tatien le syrien — Tatien le Syrien, écrivain chrétien du IIe siècle, né en Syrie (Mésopotamie) vers 110/120. Hérétique pour les églises grecques et latines, il est tout de même l auteur d une apologie qui lui vaut d êtr …   Wikipédia en Français

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