also spelled  Emmenthaler,  also called  Swiss Cheese,  

      cow's-milk cheese of Switzerland made by a process that originated in the Emme River valley (Emmental) in the canton of Bern. The essential process is followed in most other dairying countries, notably Norway, where the Jarlsberg variety is outstanding, and in the United States, where the cheese is generally called “Swiss.”

      Emmentaler is made in large wheel shapes, about 36 inches (90 cm) in diameter by 6 inches (15 cm) in thickness. The curd is formed by rennet. After the usual cutting, stirring, and heating to about 126° F (52° C), all the curd from 2,205 pounds (1,000 kg) of milk is lifted from the whey in one mass in a fine-mesh net and pressed into the characteristic wheel. It is shaped in blocks, salted in strong brine, and then wrapped in film to prevent drying. The cheese is held at a temperature of 72° to 80° F (22° to 27° C), so stimulating the production of carbon dioxide, which forms the characteristic glossy holes or “eyes” in six to eight weeks. Complete ripening of the cheese takes about six months. Pure cultures of Streptococcus thermophilus, Lactobacillus bulgaricus, and Propionibacterium shermanii are used to control the development of acid, eyes, and flavour.

      This sweetcurd cheese has a sweet, pungent odour and is slightly salty when fresh, and pleasingly sharp when fully ripened. Its consistency is firm and elastic, and it is easy to slice; the interior is a uniform light yellow in colour with holes about 0.6 inch (approximately 1.6 cm) in diameter and spaced 2–3 inches (5–8 cm) apart. The rind being kept clean, the cheese cures from the inside; the propionic acid bacteria, which produce carbon dioxide, are largely responsible for the many big holes.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Emmentaler — ist ein Hartkäse, der ursprünglich aus der Schweiz stammt und mittlerweile in verschiedenen Varianten weltweit hergestellt wird. Er enthält 45 Prozent Fett in der Trockenmasse. In Deutschland wird er umgangssprachlich auch Schweizer Käse genannt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Emmentaler — Emmental Pour les articles homonymes, voir Emmental (homonymie). Emmental Pays d’origine Suisse Région, ville …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Emmentaler — Schweizer Käse * * * Ẹm|men|ta|ler 〈m. 3〉 1. Einwohner des Emmentals (in der Schweiz) 2. 〈kurz für〉 Emmentaler Käse * * * 1Ẹm|men|ta|ler, der; s, : Ew. 2Ẹm|men|ta|ler <indekl. Adj.>: E. Käse. 3Ẹm|men|ta|ler, der; s, [nach dem Emmental… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Emmentaler — Emmental Emmental, Emmentaler Emmentaler, Emmenthal Emmenthal, Emmenthaler Emmenthaler . a type of large holed Swiss cheese. Syn: Emmenthal, Emmental, Emmenthaler. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Emmentaler — 1Ẹm|men|ta|ler; Emmentaler Käse   2Ẹm|men|ta|ler, der; s, (ein Käse) …   Die deutsche Rechtschreibung

  • Emmentaler — or Emmenthaler or Emmental or Emmenthal noun Etymology: German, from Emmental, Switzerland Date: 1902 Swiss cheese …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Emmentaler — noun A Swiss cheese with many holes …   Wiktionary

  • Emmentaler — Ẹm·men·ta·ler der; s, ; eine Sorte von hartem Schweizer Käse mit großen Löchern …   Langenscheidt Großwörterbuch Deutsch als Fremdsprache

  • emmentaler — em·men·ta·ler …   English syllables

  • emmentaler — em|men|ta|ler sb., en, e, ne (en ost) …   Dansk ordbog

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